Localization of deformation in fluid-saturated sandstone

Published on Oct 1, 2020in International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences4.151
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJRMMS.2020.104455
Roman Y. Makhnenko12
Estimated H-index: 12
(UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign),
Chunwei Ge1
Estimated H-index: 1
(UMN: University of Minnesota),
Joseph F. Labuz32
Estimated H-index: 32
(UMN: University of Minnesota)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract A laboratory study of inelastic deformation and localization was conducted to evaluate microseismicity and fracture in fluid-saturated rock. Plane strain compression experiments were performed on oil- and water-saturated Berea sandstone under dry, drained, undrained, and quasi-unjacketed conditions. Parameters associated with the elastic and inelastic material response were accurately measured and used in a constitutive model to predict localization of deformation under the drained and undrained conditions. Acoustic emission (AE) activity was recorded and the onset of inelastic response in fluid-saturated rock, similar to dry rock, coincided with an increase in AE rate. Fracture initiation and propagation were successfully monitored by AE locations. Clustering of AE events and the start of inhomogeneous deformation inferred from displacement measurements are shown to be well correlated with the model prediction of the onset of localized deformation under various rock-fluid interaction conditions.
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7 CitationsSource
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Acoustic emission (AE) is defined as high-frequency elastic waves emitted from defects such as small cracks (microcracks) within a material when stressed, typically in the laboratory. AE is a similar phenomenon to microseismicity (MS), as MS is induced by fracture of rock at an engineering scale (e.g., rockbursts in mines), that is, in the field. Thus, seismic monitoring can be applied to a wide variety of rock engineering problems, and AE is a powerful method to investigate processes of rock fr...
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A rock behavior experiment with uniaxial compression revealed the effect of acoustic activity in loaded fluid-saturated Berea sandstone samples in response to an electric current. It is established that it is substantially intensified in periods of the current impact and decreases after its cut-off. The current impact also results in a growth of radial deformation indicating an increase in the sample volume. The effect of acoustic activation increases in response to increased heat emitted by the...
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