Time-Resolved Fluorescence Anisotropy of a Molecular Rotor Resolves Microscopic Viscosity Parameters in Complex Environments.

Published on May 4, 2020in Small11.459
· DOI :10.1002/SMLL.201907139
I. Emilie Steinmark2
Estimated H-index: 2
('KCL': King's College London),
Pei-Hua Chung11
Estimated H-index: 11
('KCL': King's College London)
+ 8 AuthorsKlaus Suhling41
Estimated H-index: 41
('KCL': King's College London)
Understanding viscosity in complex environments remains a largely unanswered question despite its importance in determining reaction rates in vivo. Here, time-resolved fluorescence anisotropy imaging (TR-FAIM) is combined with fluorescent molecular rotors (FMRs) to simultaneously determine two non-equivalent viscosity-related parameters in complex heterogeneous environments. The parameters, FMR rotational correlation time and lifetime, are extracted from fluorescence anisotropy decays, which in heterogeneous environments show dip-and-rise behavior due to multiple dye populations. Decays of this kind are found both in artificially constructed adiposomes and in live cell lipid droplet organelles. Molecular dynamics simulations are used to assign each population to nano-environments within the lipid systems. The less viscous population corresponds to the state showing an average 25 degrees tilt to the lipid membrane normal, and the more viscous population to the state showing an average 55 degrees tilt. This combined experimental and simulation approach enables a comprehensive description of the FMR probe behavior within viscous nano-environments in complex, biological systems.
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