Experimental investigation on fracture propagation modes in supercritical carbon dioxide fracturing using acoustic emission monitoring

Published on Oct 1, 2018in International Journal of Rock Mechanics and Mining Sciences4.151
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJRMMS.2018.07.010
Dawei Zhou4
Estimated H-index: 4
(China University of Petroleum),
Guangqing Zhang17
Estimated H-index: 17
(China University of Petroleum)
+ 1 AuthorsYuekun Xing5
Estimated H-index: 5
(China University of Petroleum)
Abstract Supercritical carbon dioxide (SC-CO 2 ) fracturing has broad application prospects due to its potential to increase production, to reduce water requirements, and to minimize environmental impacts. To date, lowering fracture breakdown pressure and inducing multi-fractures using SC-CO 2 as fracturing fluid have been recognized, but the process of fracture propagation has been poorly studied. Therefore, acoustic emission (AE) system with 12 channels is used to monitor the SC-CO 2 fracturing. The results show that energy release rate of SC-CO 2 fracturing is 1–3 orders of magnitude higher and the cumulative energy is also much larger compared to hydraulic fracturing. Then much available energy can be converted into driving force to generate dynamic multi-fractures. Meanwhile, the curves of cumulative energy are observed as shape of sidestep or zigzag. The SC-CO 2 fracturing evolution of AE events is discontinuous, suggesting that intermittent fracture propagation occurs. The process and modes of SC-CO 2 fracture propagation are proposed, respectively. The process of SC-CO 2 fracture propagation can be divided into 4 stages: damage zone evolution, fracture initiation, fracture post-instability and fracture arrest. And fracture propagation modes are classified into 3 types, including single curved fracture (Type -I), fracture band (Type -II) and fracture network (Type -III). This study is helpful for designing appropriate treatment to optimize CO 2 sequestration or to enhance stimulated reservoir volume.
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