Estudio de adaptación y validación transcultural de una escala de satisfacción con la vida para adolescentes

Published on Mar 27, 2018in Revista chilena de pediatría
· DOI :10.4067/S0370-41062018000100051
Carola Alvarez1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Universidad del Desarrollo),
Ana M. Briceño1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Universidad del Desarrollo)
+ 2 AuthorsIris Delgado16
Estimated H-index: 16
(Universidad del Desarrollo)
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Abstract
Background: In recent years, there has been an increasing interest in the determinants of subjective well-being and happiness. In that context, life satisfaction is one of the measures used to assess subjective well-being, with emphasis in adult population. Objective: Adapt and validate (culturally and linguistically) the Canadian “Satisfaction with Life adapted for Children” (SWLS-C) in Chilean adolescents, in order to assess their global judgement about their own lives. Patients and Methods: Cross-sectional study, with adolescents between 10 to 18 years old, of both sexes and three socioeconomic levels in the Metropolitan region of Chile. After a process of translation and back translation, the scale SWLS-C was applied in 3 groups: cognitive interviews (n = 23) to evaluate semantics, content, reliability and construct validity, a second group was used as pretest (n = 24) and a third for the validation of the test (n = 200). Factor analysis was performed and measurement of convergent and divergent validity. Results: The internal consistency of the scale through Cronbach’s alpha was 0.815, with item-total correlations between 0.51 and 0.7. The correlation between scale items varies between 0.390 and 0.607. In the main component analysis, all items met the requirement of a factor greater than 0.3. The inverse correlation between SWLS-C and CDI was significant, with a linear R2 of 0.465. Conclusions: The Chilean version of the SWLS-C shows adequate psychometric properties, construct validity, confirming its unidimensional character and the need to keep each item of the Canadian version. SWLS-C, in its Chilean version, is suitable to be self-applied in adolescent population. Further studies are needed to provide further evidence.
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Cited By3
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#1Daniel E. Suarez (University of Los Andes)H-Index: 1
#2Andres C. Cardozo (University of Los Andes)H-Index: 1
Last. Elena M. Trujillo (University of Los Andes)H-Index: 1
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Phenomenon: Mental health problems among medical students are a worrisome issue; recent studies have shown that one-third may be suffering major depressive disorder and one out of ten had suicidal ...
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#1Alejandra Caqueo-Urízar (University of Tarapacá)H-Index: 20
#2Jerome Flores (University of Tarapacá)H-Index: 2
Last. Matías Irarrázaval (University of Chile)H-Index: 5
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Abstract Background Research assessing the association between Life Satisfaction and Resilience has increased considerably because it is recognized as an important variable in enhancing adolescent well-being. However, they have focused on non-indigenous youth and have scarcely addressed the needs of those belonging to ethnic minorities, particularly in Latin America. The aim of this study was to assess the mediating relationship of resilience on the association between ethnic identity and life s...
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#1Jessica Lang (Technische Universität Darmstadt)H-Index: 1
#2Bernhard Schmitz (Technische Universität Darmstadt)H-Index: 23
The research in the field of positive psychology is alive for children and adolescents, and especially the effects of intervention studies are promising. While a large number of instruments exist f...
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