Filling pressures in Fontan revisited: Comparison between pulmonary artery wedge, ventricular end-diastolic, and left atrial pressures in adults.

Published on Dec 1, 2017in International Journal of Cardiology3.229
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJCARD.2017.12.098
William R. Miranda14
Estimated H-index: 14
(Mayo Clinic),
Alexander C. Egbe20
Estimated H-index: 20
(Mayo Clinic)
+ 4 AuthorsCarole A. Warnes70
Estimated H-index: 70
(Mayo Clinic)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Background Pulmonary artery wedge pressure (PAWP) has been shown to correlate better with left atrial pressure (LAP) than ventricular end-diastolic pressure (VEDP) in acquired heart disease. The correlation between VEDP and PAWP and their performance as surrogates for LAP in Fontan patients is unknown. Methods Offline single-beat simultaneous measurement of PAWP and VEDP was performed in 50 adult Fontan patients and non-simultaneous hemodynamic data abstracted for calculation of pulmonary vascular resistance (PVR). For the evaluation of PAWP and VEDP as surrogates for LAP, 14 fenestrated adult Fontan patients were included. Results Mean age was 34.2±10years and 54% of patients were female. Tricuspid atresia and double inlet left ventricle were the most common congenital defects (44% and 20%, respectively). Simultaneous mean VEDP was 10.8±4.6mmHg and mean PAWP was 11±4.6mmHg; the PAWP-VEDP correlation was 0.91 (p 2 , 95% CI 0.2–1.0; p=0.005) and left-sided (mean difference 0.5WU·m 2 , 95% CI 0.1–0.9; p=0.02) PVRs were significantly higher when PAWP rather than VEDP was used. In fenestrated patients, LAP-right PAWP and LAP-left PAWP correlations were 0.97 and 0.95 (p Conclusions PAWP and VEDP correlate reasonably well in adult Fontan patients but PAWP is a better surrogate for LAP. The use of VEDP instead of PAWP appears to significantly underestimate PVR in these patients.
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#1Marc Gewillig (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 76
#2Stephen C. Brown (University of the Free State)H-Index: 17
The Fontan operation was first performed in 1968. Since then, this operation has been performed on thousands of patients worldwide. Results vary from very good for many decades to very bad with a pleiad of complications and early death. A good understanding of the physiology is necessary to further improve results. The Fontan connection creates a critical bottleneck with obligatory upstream congestion and downstream decreased flow; these two features are the basic cause of the majority of the ph...
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Abstract The use of the terms "left ventricular filling pressure" and "left ventricular filling pressures" is widespread in the cardiology literature, but the meanings ascribed to these terms have not been consistent. Left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and mean left atrial pressure (LAP) cannot be used interchangeably as they will often differ in magnitude in the presence of cardiac disease and they also have different clinical significance. LVEDP is the best pressure to use when co...
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Background Accurate determination of left ventricular filling pressure is essential for differentiation of pre-capillary pulmonary hypertension (PH) from pulmonary venous hypertension (PVH). Previous data suggest only a poor correlation between left ventricular end-diastolic pressure (LVEDP) and its commonly used surrogate, the pulmonary capillary wedge pressure (PCWP). However, no data exist on the diagnostic accuracy of PCWP in veterans. Furthermore, the effects of age and comorbidities on the...
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