Personality and psychological distress among older adult, long-term cancer survivors

Published on Jan 1, 2017in Journal of Psychosocial Oncology
· DOI :10.1080/07347332.2016.1225145
Gary T. Deimling24
Estimated H-index: 24
(Case Western Reserve University),
Casey Albitz2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Case Western Reserve University)
+ 4 AuthorsClaire Mitchell1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Case Western Reserve University)
ABSTRACTThis research examines a model of how personality (Five-Factor Model) is related to adjustment to cancer in later life in terms of the presence of continuing cancer-related worry and depression among older adult, long-term cancer survivors. Data from an NCI-funded study with 275 older adult (age 60+), long-term (5+ years) survivors of breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer were examined. Regression analyses identified neuroticism as the strongest predictor of cancer-related worry along with continuing cancer-related symptoms. For depression, three personality dimensions (neuroticism, conscientiousness, and agreeableness) were significant predictors. Findings suggest the importance of considering the central role that survivors' personality characteristics play in understanding cancer-related worries and depression. Understanding these dispositional characteristics is key for social workers and health-care practitioners in counseling survivors experiencing these common mental health effects.
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