Erect wheel-legged stair climbing robot for indoor service applications
Published on Nov 1, 2013 in IROS (Intelligent Robots and Systems)
· DOI :10.1109/IROS.2013.6696742
In this paper, an automatic erect stair climbing mobile robot is developed for indoor service applications. The design of high center of mass, tilt axis near ground, and the triangular wheel-legged structure enable the robot to climb stairs in a dynamic and self-balancing way. The wheel-legged mechanism also keeps the advantages of differential-wheeled mobile platforms when moving on flat ground, such as easy to control, saving power, and zero turning radius. Moreover, the overall mechanical design fits the requirements for a service robot to have proper height and small footprint, which can make human-robot interaction more natural and comfortable in indoor environment. Since the perceptual and control system of the robot are both well integrated, we successfully demonstrate the stair-climbing function and prove that the design and implementation of our work are feasible and efficient. As a result, the robot is expected to be a prototype of universal platform for indoor mobile service robots in the future.