The tendency to fall for distracting information while making judgments: development and validation of the Objective Heuristic Thinking Test

Published on Jan 1, 2014in European Journal of Psychological Assessment
· DOI :10.1027/1015-5759/A000214
Fabian Jasper8
Estimated H-index: 8
(University of Salzburg),
Tuulia M. Ortner13
Estimated H-index: 13
Source
Abstract
Despite much research on thinking biases such as the representativeness, availability, and anchoring heuristics, a psychometrically sound measurement instrument for assessing the degree of heuristic thinking is still missing. Therefore, it was the goal of this study to develop and validate a new test to assess the degree of heuristic thinking associated with three particular thinking heuristics (i.e., the representativeness, availability, and anchoring heuristics). The resulting Objective Heuristic Thinking Test (OHTT) was evaluated with regard to its internal consistency, factor structure, construct validity, and stability in an internet sample (N = 300) and an independent laboratory sample (N = 55). Exploratory factor analyses resulted in three latent factors that represented the three OHTT subscales (i.e., representativeness, availability, and anchoring factors). Results revealed a low to sufficient internal consistency for each of the three scales. Further analyses indicated convergent correlations of...
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