Research Policy
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#1Scott Janzwood (Balsillie School of International Affairs)
Abstract "Mission-oriented" public research organizations invest in R&D to improve decision-making around complex policy problems from climate change to asteroid impacts, thus producing public value. However, the estimation of benefits produced by such R&D projects is notoriously difficult to predict and measure - a challenge that is magnified for global catastrophic risks (GCRs). GCRs are highly uncertain risks that may pose enormous negative consequences for humanity. This article explores how...
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#1Federico Munari (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 20
#2Laura Toschi (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 10
ABSTRACT Governments and public agencies are increasingly keen to support the translation of scientific discoveries into commercial and societal applications through science valorisation funding, as a way to enhance progress and inclusive growth. In this paper, we use grant-level data from the European Research Council Proof-of-Concept (PoC) programme, in order to assess the impact of public funding on a broad set of science valorisation outcomes, including licensing, spinoff formation, R&D coll...
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We investigate the geographic concentration of patenting in large cities using a sample of 14 developed countries. There is wide dispersion of the share of patented inventions in large metropolitan areas. South Korea and the US are two extreme outliers where patenting is highly concentrated in large cities. We do not find any general trend that there is a geographic concentration of patents for the period 2000-2014. There is also no general trend that inventors in large cities have more patents ...
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#1Yu Liu (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)
#2Markku V. J. Maula (Aalto University)H-Index: 28
Abstract Network status is generally considered to be a valuable firm asset; however, its effects are not well understood in the context of cross-border VC investments, as foreign VC firms can have different statuses in their home and host countries, and prior research has considered only the effects of home-country network status. Theorizing the importance of a foreign VC firm's network status in the host country for cross-border VC investments, we hypothesize a positive performance effect for ...
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#1Maria Tsouri (University of Oslo)
#1Maria Tsouri (University of Oslo)H-Index: 2
Last. Håkon Endresen Normann (University of Oslo)H-Index: 6
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Abstract This article explores how knowledge networks function as structural couplings in global innovation systems (GIS). Based on a unique dataset we investigate the effects of Norwegian offshore wind firms' participation in different knowledge networks on international market access. The results show that international knowledge networks facilitate access to market resources in a GIS under certain conditions. First, participating in pilot and demonstration projects positively affects firms’ a...
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#1E. Richard Gold (McGill University)H-Index: 14
Abstract There is growing concern that the innovation system's ability to create wealth and attain social benefit is declining in effectiveness. This article explores the reasons for this decline and suggests a structure, the open science partnership, as one mechanism through which to slow down or reverse this decline. The article examines the empirical literature of the last century to document the decline. This literature suggests that the cost of research and innovation is increasing exponent...
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#1Ashish Arora (Duke University)H-Index: 45
#2Sharon Belenzon (Duke University)H-Index: 14
Last. Lia Sheer (Duke University)H-Index: 1
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Abstract This paper describes the methodology used to construct a new sample of patents matched to Compustat firms for the period 1980–2015. We compare our data to existing NBER data sets and underscore several methodological improvements, including dynamic matching, company name changes, and ownership structures. We examine how our improved match changes results obtained from the ’01 and ’06 NBER patent files using comparable samples. Overall, we find that improved patent assignment leads to sl...
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#1Julia Brennecke (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 7
#2Wolfgang Sofka (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 13
Last. Olaf N. Rank (University of Freiburg)H-Index: 8
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Abstract This study investigates how intraorganizational search behavior of R&D professionals is shaped by the organizational design for task collaboration between R&D units. More precisely, we examine how formally prescribed R&D unit task collaboration and the distinct roles of R&D units as recipients and sources in such collaboration affect how intensively unit members search for advice and knowledge. To this end, we integrate theoretical mechanisms from knowledge search and organizational des...
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#1Yiannis E. Spanos (OPA: Athens University of Economics and Business)H-Index: 13
Abstract I examine returns to collaborative RD moreover, the findings clearly support the hypothesis of negative selection. It appears that collaborative R&D plays an equalizing role on the benefits of product innovation for resource-constrained firms.
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#1Claudia Ghisetti (UCSC: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart)H-Index: 13
#2Sandro MontresorH-Index: 20
Last. Antonio Vezzani (Roma Tre University)H-Index: 9
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Abstract This paper investigates whether a green kind of design helps firms increase their capabilities for inventing in the environmental domain and whether it does so more than ‘standard’ design. It also investigates whether the effect of ‘green-matching’ between new design and technologies is conditional on firms’ innovative capabilities, as reflected by their R&D expenditure. We address these research questions with respect to the world's top R&D investors, looking at their intellectual prop...
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