Survey of Ophthalmology
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Papers 3894
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#2Subahari Raviskanthan (Houston Methodist Hospital)
Last. Jurij R. Bilyk (Thomas Jefferson University)H-Index: 20
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Abstract A 69-year-old woman presented with chronic, painful, progressive binocular diplopia. Examination showed deficits in multiple sequential cranial nerves (II, III, IV, V1,2,3, and VI). She was initially diagnosed with Tolosa-Hunt syndrome and had a partial response to systemic corticosteroids. Skull base biopsy eventually showed poorly differentiated carcinoma consistent with perineural spread of squamous cell carcinoma.
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#1En Fu (JNU: Jinan University)
#2Ting Wang (JNU: Jinan University)
Last. Xiaohe Yan (JNU: Jinan University)
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Abstract null null Amblyopia is visual impairment characterized by a structurally normal eye showing significantly lower visual acuity than the fellow eye. Traditional treatment of amblyopia includes patching the good eye to force the amblyopic eye to work during normal daily activities; however, this approach is are limited by low compliance. Recently, researchers proposed a new treatment for amblyopia: video game playing. In the current review, we discuss whether video game playing can treat a...
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#1Hassan Dawood Alli (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 1
#2Naseer Ally (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 2
Last. Shabir A. Madhi (University of the Witwatersrand)H-Index: 88
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Abstract null null Tubercular uveitis (TBU) is an inflammation/infection of the eye secondary to Mycobacterium tuberculosis infection. The difficulty in making the diagnosis has resulted in variable prevalence and clinical response rates. We aimed to determine the global prevalence of TBU in uveitis patients stratified by TB high-burden countries (HBCs) and non-HBCs and by geographic regions and the clinical response of TBU to antitubercular treatment null We performed a systematic review and me...
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#1Daniele Tognetto (UniTS: University of Trieste)H-Index: 20
#2Rosa Giglio (UniTS: University of Trieste)H-Index: 4
Last. Mario Damiano Toro (UZH: University of Zurich)H-Index: 12
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Artificial intelligence (AI)-based applications exhibit the potential to improve the quality and efficiency of patient care in different fields, including cataract management. A systematic review of the different applications of AI-based software on all aspects of a cataract patient's management, from diagnosis to follow-up, was carried out in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses guidelines. All selected articles were analyzed to assess the level...
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#1Foroogh Fahmideh (UNIPV: University of Pavia)
#2Nicoletta Marchesi (UNIPV: University of Pavia)H-Index: 11
Last. Alessia Pascale (UNIPV: University of Pavia)H-Index: 35
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Glaucoma is a major ocular neurodegenerative disease characterized by progressive retinal ganglion cells degeneration and sight loss. Current treatment options have been limited to reducing intraocular pressure (IOP), known as the leading risk factor for this disease; however, glaucoma can develop even with low or normal IOP and progress despite controlling IOP values. Lifestyle, dietary habits, and supplementation may influence some of the risk factors and pathophysiological mechanisms underlyi...
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#1Harathy Selvan (AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 7
#2Shikha Gupta (AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 12
Last. Viney Gupta (AIIMS: All India Institute of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 25
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Juvenile-onset open-angle glaucoma (JOAG) is a subset of primary open-angle glaucoma that is diagnosed before 40 years of age. The disease may be familial or non-familial, with proportions varying among different populations. Myocilin mutations are the most commonly associated. JOAG is characterized by high intraocular pressures (IOP), with many patients needing surgery. The mean age at diagnosis is in the 3rd decade, with a male preponderance. Myopia is a common association. The pathophysiology...
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#1Khalid M. Aldaas (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 3
#2Pratap Challa (Duke University)H-Index: 30
Last. David Fleischman (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 9
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Abstract null null Glaucoma is an intraocular pressure-related ophthalmic disease with multiple causes that results in an optic neuropathy and vision loss. Intraocular pressure elevation is among its strongest risk factors. While glaucoma is mostly primary in etiology, secondary glaucoma is not infrequent. Recognizing its cause is imperative, since treatment is often different depending on the pathophysiologic mechanism. Numerous clinically relevant ophthalmic infections can result in robust inf...
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#1J. Jason McAnany (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 18
#2Oksana Persidina (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)
Last. Jason C. Park (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 11
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Abstract null null The electroretinogram (ERG) is a noninvasive, objective technique to evaluate retinal function that has become increasingly important in the study of diabetic retinopathy. null We summarize the principles and rationale of the ERG, present findings from recent clinical studies that have used the full-field ERG, multifocal ERG, and pattern ERG to evaluate neural dysfunction in patients with diabetes, and weigh the strengths and limitations of the technique as it applies to clini...
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#1Vardaan Gupta (UR: University of Rochester)
#2Christine L. Hammond (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 12
Last. Collynn F. Woeller (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 19
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Abstract null null Thyroid eye disease (TED) is an autoimmune disorder that manifests in the orbit. In TED, the connective tissue behind the eye becomes inflamed and remodels with increased fat accumulation and/or increased muscle and scar tissue. As orbital tissue expands, patients develop edema, exophthalmos, diplopia, and optic neuropathy. In severe cases, vision loss may occur secondary to corneal scarring from exposure or optic nerve compression. Currently there is no cure for TED, and trea...
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#1Tamara Sharf (SC: University of Southern California)
#2Tej Kalakuntla (SC: University of Southern California)
Last. Kimberly K. Gokoffski (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 7
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Abstract null null Given the rising number of patients with blindness from macular, optic nerve, and visual pathway disease, there is considerable interest in the potential of electrical stimulation devices to restore vision. Electrical devices for restoration of visual function can be grouped into three categories: (1) visual prostheses whose goal is to bypass damaged areas and directly activate downstream intact portions of the visual pathway; (2) electric field stimulation whose goal is to ac...
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