Cognition
Papers
4,263
Papers 4,705
1 page of 471 pages (4,705 results)
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#1Alice Cartaud (university of lille)H-Index: 3
#2Vincent Lenglin (Lille Catholic University)
Last. Yann Coello (university of lille)H-Index: 25
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Abstract null null In social interactions, valence-based judgments are an important component of interpersonal distances regulation. Within the framework of the Range-Frequency model, we tested whether temporal presentation of an emotional context, known to produce a contrast effect on valence ratings, also influences the regulation of interpersonal distances. Two groups of participants were shown virtual characters with either a neutral facial expression (target stimuli) or an emotional facial ...
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#1Tessa L. Johnson (UMD: University of Maryland, College Park)H-Index: 3
#2Alexander P. Burgoyne (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 6
Last. Susan C. Levine (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 63
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Abstract null null Performance on a range of spatial and mathematics tasks was measured in a sample of 1592 students in kindergarten, third grade, and sixth grade. In a previously published analysis of these data, performance was analyzed by grade only. In the present analyses, we examined whether the relations between spatial skill and mathematics skill differed across socio-economic levels, for boys versus girls, or both. Our first aim was to test for group differences in spatial skill and mat...
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#1Ellen O'Donoghue (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 1
#2Matthew B. Broschard (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 1
Last. Edward A. Wasserman (UI: University of Iowa)H-Index: 65
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Abstract null null COVIS (COmpetition between Verbal and Implicit Systems; Ashby, Alfonso-Reese, & Waldron, 1998) is a prominent model of categorization which hypothesizes that humans have two independent categorization systems – one declarative, one associative – that can be recruited to solve category learning tasks. To date, most COVIS-related research has focused on just two experimental tasks: linear rule-based (RB) tasks, which purportedly encourage declarative rule use, and linear informa...
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#1Michael D. Robinson (NDSU: North Dakota State University)H-Index: 74
#2Robert J. Klein (Dartmouth College)H-Index: 3
Last. Avianna Z. McGregor (NDSU: North Dakota State University)
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Abstract null null Individuals are thought to differ in the extent to which they attend to and value their feelings, as captured by the construct of attention to emotion. The well-being correlates of attention to emotion have been extensively studied, but the decision-making correlates have not been. A three study program of research (total N = 328) sought to examine relationships between stimulus-specific feelings and decisions concerning those stimuli in the context of high levels of within-su...
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#1Natalie M. Gallagher (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 6
#2Galen V. Bodenhausen (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 71
Abstract null null The growing visibility of transgender women and men in the US challenges a dominant cultural model of gender in which dichotomous sex assigned at birth gives rise to dichotomous gender identity in adulthood. How are these groups – verbally marked as atypical relative to their cisgender counterparts – stereotyped? Moreover, how do gender essentialist beliefs predict the content of such stereotypes? Across four studies with diverse methods of stereotype measurement, we assessed ...
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#1Laura Soter (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 1
#2Martha K. Berg (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 6
Last. Ethan Kross (UM: University of Michigan)H-Index: 43
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Abstract null null Recent work indicates that people are more likely to protect a close (vs. distant) other who commits a crime. But do people think it is morally right to treat close others differently? On the one hand, universalist moral principles dictate that people should be treated equally. On the other hand, close relationships are the source of special moral obligations, which may lead people to believe they ought to preferentially protect close others. Here we attempt to adjudicate betw...
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#1Felipe Luzardo (University of Haifa)
#2Yaffa Yeshurun (University of Haifa)H-Index: 21
Individuals differ considerably in the degree to which they benefit from attention allocation. Thus far, such individual differences were attributed to post-perceptual factors such as working-memory capacity. This study examined whether a perceptual factor - the level of internal noise - also contributes to this inter-individual variability in attentional effects. To that end, we estimated individual levels of internal noise from behavioral variability in an orientation discrimination task (with...
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#1Aotao Xu (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 1
#2Jennifer E. Stellar (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 11
Last. Yang Xu (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 11
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Abstract null null Humans possess the unique ability to communicate emotions through language. Although concepts like anger or awe are abstract, there is a shared consensus about what these English emotion words mean. This consensus may give the impression that their meaning is static, but we propose this is not the case. We cannot travel back to earlier periods to study emotion concepts directly, but we can examine text corpora, which have partially preserved the meaning of emotion words. Using...
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#1Valerie A. Thompson (U of S: University of Saskatchewan)H-Index: 31
#2Henry Markovits (UQAM: Université du Québec à Montréal)H-Index: 16
Abstract null null The dual strategy model posits that reasoners rely on two information processing strategies when making inferences: The statistical strategy generates a rapid probabilistic estimate based on associative access to a wide array of information, and the counterexample strategy uses a more focused representation allowing for a search for potential counterexamples. In this paper, we focused on individual differences in strategy use as a predictor of performance on four reasoning tas...
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#1Smitha Milli (University of California, Berkeley)H-Index: 9
#2Falk Lieder (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 17
Last. Thomas L. Griffiths (Princeton University)H-Index: 92
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Abstract null null Highly influential “dual-process” accounts of human cognition postulate the coexistence of a slow accurate system with a fast error-prone system. But why would there be just two systems rather than, say, one or 93? Here, we argue that a dual-process architecture might reflect a rational tradeoff between the cognitive flexibility afforded by multiple systems and the time and effort required to choose between them. We investigate what the optimal set and number of cognitive syst...
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