Preventive Medicine
Papers 8,143
1 page of 815 pages (8,143 results)
#1Jennifer S. Haas (Harvard University)H-Index: 167
#2David Cheng (Harvard University)H-Index: 11
Last. Gaia Pocobelli (KP: Kaiser Permanente)H-Index: 13
view all 12 authors...
Abstract null null Since 2012, cervical cancer screening guidelines allow for choice of screening test for women age 30–65 years (i.e., Pap every 3 years or Pap with human papillomavirus co-testing every 5 years). Intended to give patients and providers options, this flexibility reflects a trend in the growing complexity of screening guidelines. Our objective was to characterize variation in cervical screening at the individual, provider, clinic/facility, and healthcare system levels. The analys...
#1Kristen Nishimi (Veterans Health Administration)
#2Emma A. Glickman (Harvard University)
Last. Erin C. Dunn (Broad Institute)H-Index: 42
view all 7 authors...
Abstract null null It has long been known that social and physical environments can shape individual and population health, for better or worse. Master-planned communities (MPCs) in the US are custom-designed residential neighborhoods with defined boundaries planned and developed under a single, private owner or entity from their inception. Across the US, these vary greatly in scale ranging from 100 to over 50,000 homes, but broadly all provide residents with housing, infrastructure, landscaping...
#1Sara Schiavone (Seconda Università degli Studi di Napoli)H-Index: 2
#2Carrie L. Anderson (University Hospital Heidelberg)H-Index: 3
Last. Volker Winkler (University Hospital Heidelberg)H-Index: 14
view all 4 authors...
Abstract null null Exposure to second-hand smoke (SHS) is an important public health problem. We assessed SHS exposure in restaurants and bars across the European Union (EU) and studied associations with country-level smoke-free legislation. null Data of Eurobarometer surveys 2014 and 2017 were used to estimate country-specific prevalence of observing smoking in restaurants and bars, which can be considered a marker of SHS exposure. Additionally, we used multilevel logistic regression models to ...
#1Dongyu Zhang (University of Florida Health)
#2Linn Abraham (KP: Kaiser Permanente)H-Index: 26
Last. Louise C. Walter (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 52
view all 15 authors...
Abstract null null Prior studies of screening mammography patterns by functional status in older women show inconsistent results. We used Breast Cancer Surveillance Consortium-Medicare linked data (1999–2014) to investigate the association of functional limitations with adherence to screening mammography in 145,478 women aged 66–74 years. Functional limitation was represented by a claims-based function-related indicator (FRI) score which incorporated 16 items reflecting functional status. Baseli...
#1Cashen M. Boccio (UTSA: University of Texas at San Antonio)H-Index: 6
#2Ryan C. Meldrum (FIU: Florida International University)H-Index: 21
Last. Dylan B. Jackson (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 14
view all 3 authors...
A wealth of research links exposure to adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) with negative outcomes including nicotine and marijuana use. In addition, an emerging line of research has documented associations between exposure to ACEs and vaping activity in American adults and international samples of adolescents. Very limited research, however, has explored whether a history of ACEs is linked with adolescent nicotine and marijuana vaping activity in an American sample. This study addresses this ga...
#1Ramin Asgary (Cornell University)H-Index: 15
#2Elena Beideck (Cornell University)H-Index: 1
Last. Rosanna Naderi (Cornell University)
view all 3 authors...
Abstract null null Cervical cancer disproportionately affects low-resource settings. Papanicolaou, human papillomavirus (HPV), and visual inspection of cervix with acetic acid (VIA) testing, each with different characteristics, will reduce cervical cancer burden. We conducted a critical literature review using PubMed, Cochrane, WHO, and grey literature from 1994 to 2020. We examined efficacy, harms, and comparative effectiveness of screening methods by age, human immunodeficiency virus, provider...
#1Juhua Luo (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 24
#2Michael Hendryx (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 45
Abstract null null Social isolation associated with greater risk for mortality is well documented, however, it is unclear whether and the extent to which social isolation influences mortality through health behaviors. We therefore assessed the mediation between social isolation and mortality by health behaviors. 15,000 adults ages 18–89 years in the Third National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey in the US (NHANES III) (1988–1994) were followed through 2015. The outcomes of overall and ca...
#1Jesper Bo Nielsen (University of Southern Denmark)H-Index: 34
#2Ivar Sønbø Kristiansen (Oslo University Hospital)H-Index: 43
Last. Subash Thapa (University of Southern Denmark)H-Index: 11
view all 3 authors...
Abstract null null The prolongation of disease-free life (PODL) required by people to be willing to accept an offer of a preventive treatment is unknown. Quantifying the required benefits could guide information and discussions about preventive treatment. In this study, we investigated how large the benefit in prolongation of a disease-free life (PODL) should be for individuals aged 50–80 years to accept a preventive treatment offer. We used a cross-sectional survey design based on a representat...
#1Kelly Lloyd (University of Leeds)H-Index: 2
#2Louise Hall (University of Leeds)H-Index: 8
Last. Samuel G. Smith (University of Leeds)H-Index: 28
view all 9 authors...
#1Marta Caserotti (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 3
#2Teresa Gavaruzzi (UNIPD: University of Padua)H-Index: 13
Last. Gemma Calamandrei (ISS: Istituto Superiore di Sanità)H-Index: 33
view all 13 authors...
Despite the actual availability of COVID-19 vaccines to combat the pandemic, many people are still vacillating in their decision to vaccinate. In this study, we considered the effect of two relevant contextual issues on vaccination intention: the number of people infected with COVID-19 is increasing, and the pace of vaccination is gaining speed. Specifically, we hypothesized that having already contracted SARS-CoV-2 (post-positive reluctance) could lead people to underestimate the importance of ...
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