Cognitive Science
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#1A. Dreneva (MSU: Moscow State University)H-Index: 1
#2Anna Shvarts (Freudenthal Institute for Science and Mathematics Education)
Last. Anatoly Krichevets (MSU: Moscow State University)H-Index: 1
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The paper addresses the capabilities and limitations of extrafoveal processing during a categorical visual search. Previous research has established that a target could be identified from the very first or without any saccade, suggesting that extrafoveal perception is necessarily involved. However, the limits in complexity defining the processed information are still not clear. We performed four experiments with a gradual increase of stimuli complexity to determine the role of extrafoveal proces...
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#1Jakub Dotlačil (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 1
This paper develops a novel psycholinguistic parser and tests it against experimental and corpus reading data. The parser builds on the recent research into memory structures, which argues that memory retrieval is content-addressable and cue-based. It is shown that the theory of cue-based memory systems can be combined with transition-based parsing to produce a parser that, when combined with the cognitive architecture ACT-R, can model reading and predict online behavioral measures (reading time...
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#1Fausto Carcassi (UvA: University of Amsterdam)
#2Shane Steinert-Threlkeld (UW: University of Washington)H-Index: 6
Last. Jakub Szymanik (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 12
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Natural languages exhibit many semantic universals, that is, properties of meaning shared across all languages. In this paper, we develop an explanation of one very prominent semantic universal, the monotonicity universal. While the existing work has shown that quantifiers satisfying the monotonicity universal are easier to learn, we provide a more complete explanation by considering the emergence of quantifiers from the perspective of cultural evolution. In particular, we show that quantifiers ...
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#1Dario Paape (University of Potsdam)H-Index: 2
#2Serine Avetisyan (University of Potsdam)H-Index: 1
Last. Shravan Vasishth (University of Potsdam)H-Index: 35
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We present computational modeling results based on a self-paced reading study investigating number attraction effects in Eastern Armenian. We implement three novel computational models of agreement attraction in a Bayesian framework and compare their predictive fit to the data using k-fold cross-validation. We find that our data are better accounted for by an encoding-based model of agreement attraction, compared to a retrieval-based model. A novel methodological contribution of our study is the...
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#1Samantha M. W. Wood (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 7
#2Justin N. WoodH-Index: 20
What role does experience play in the development of face recognition? A growing body of evidence indicates that newborn brains need slowly changing visual experiences to develop accurate visual recognition abilities. All of the work supporting this "slowness constraint" on visual development comes from studies testing basic-level object recognition. Here, we present the results of controlled-rearing experiments that provide evidence for a slowness constraint on the development of face recogniti...
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#1Russell RichieH-Index: 7
#2Sudeep BhatiaH-Index: 12
2 CitationsSource
#1Ivar R. Hannikainen (UGR: University of Granada)H-Index: 7
#2Kevin Tobia (Georgetown University)H-Index: 9
Last. Bartosz Janik (University of Silesia in Katowice)
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Despite pervasive variation in the content of laws, legal theorists and anthropologists have argued that laws share certain abstract features and even speculated that law may be a human universal. In the present report, we evaluate this thesis through an experiment administered in 11 different countries. Are there cross-cultural principles of law? In a between-subjects design, participants (N = 3,054) were asked whether there could be laws that violate certain procedural principles (e.g., laws a...
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#1Zachary Caddick (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 2
#2Benjamin M. Rottman (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 11
The current research investigates how prior preferences affect causal learning. Participants were tasked with repeatedly choosing policies (e.g., increase vs. decrease border security funding) in order to maximize the economic output of an imaginary country and inferred the influence of the policies on the economy. The task was challenging and ambiguous, allowing participants to interpret the relations between the policies and the economy in multiple ways. In three studies, we found evidence of ...
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#1Christian GumbschH-Index: 3
Last. Butz Mv
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#1Brett Myers (UofU: University of Utah)
#2Duane G. Watson (Vandy: Vanderbilt University)H-Index: 22
Rhythmic structure in speech is characterized by sequences of stressed and unstressed syllables. A large body of literature suggests that speakers of English attempt to achieve rhythmic harmony by evenly distributing stressed syllables throughout prosodic phrases. The question remains as to how speakers plan metrical structure during speech production and whether it is planned independently of phonemes. To examine this, we designed a tongue twister task consisting of disyllabic word pairs with o...
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