Aob Plants
Papers 930
1 page of 93 pages (930 results)
#1Priera H Panescu (CNSI: California NanoSystems Institute)
#2Marvin Browne (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles)
Last. Heather D Maynard (CNSI: California NanoSystems Institute)
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Abstract Background and Aims Hydrophilic amendments can enhance soil moisture content, which, in turn, can improve crop health under drought conditions. Understanding how different hydrogels interact with specific crops is necessary for optimal application. The soil conditioning abilities of a trehalose hydrogel and polyacrylate-based hydrogel were evaluated for tomatoes (Solanum lycopersicum) subjected to drought. Methods Tomato plants were transplanted into individual pots with soil that conta...
#1Pritam Banerjee (CCU: National Chung Cheng University)
#2Kathryn A Stewart (Leiden University)
Last. Pin-Yun Lin (CCU: National Chung Cheng University)
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Abstract Environmental DNA (eDNA) analysis has recently transformed and modernized biodiversity monitoring. The accurate detection, and to some extent quantification, of organisms (individuals/populations/communities) in environmental samples is galvanizing eDNA as a successful cost and time-efficient biomonitoring technique. Currently, eDNA’s application to plants remains more limited in implementation and scope compared to animals and microorganisms. Thus, this review evaluates the development...
#1A Morales (WUR: Wageningen University & Research)
#2H J de Boer (Utrecht University)
Last. K Raatjes (Utrecht University)
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Abstract Plant responses to abiotic stresses are complex and dynamic, and involve changes in different traits, either as the direct consequence of the stress, or as an active acclimatory response. Abiotic stresses frequently occur simultaneously or in succession, rather than in isolation. Despite this, most studies have focused on a single stress and single or few plant traits. To address this gap, our study comprehensively and categorically quantified the individual and combined effects of thre...
#1Lucie Kobrlová (Palacký University, Olomouc)
#2Martin Duchoslav (Palacký University, Olomouc)
Last. Michal Hroneš (Palacký University, Olomouc)
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Abstract Polyploidization is generally considered to be an important evolutionary driver affecting the genetic diversity, that can alter the morphology, phenology, physiology or ecology of plants, which in turn may make the taxonomy of polyploids more difficult. One such example is the Symphytum officinale complex, a polyploid species group represented by three major cytotypes: tetraploids (2n = 48), less common, geographically restricted diploids (2n = 24) and hypotetraploids (2n = 40). In most...
#1Qingyuan Xiang (UF: University of Florida)
#2Bala Rathinasabapathi (UF: University of Florida)
Abstract Plants respond to heat shock by regulating gene expression. While transcriptomic changes in response to heat stress are well studied, it is not known whether young and old leaves reprogram transcription differently upon stress. When whole plants of Arabidopsis thaliana were subjected to heat shock, young leaves were affected significantly less than older leaves based on measurements of tissue damage. To identify quantitative changes to transcriptomes between young and old leaves upon he...
Abstract Agave (Agave tequilana Weber var. azul) is considered a crop with low genetic diversity because it has been propagated vegetatively for centuries for commercial purposes, and consequently, it could be equally susceptible to pests and diseases. However, the present study employs plant material derived from field grown plants exhibiting phenotypic variability in susceptibility to agave wilt. The offshoots from rhizomes of these plants were reproduced in vitro and classified as potentially...
#1Jun Sun (JSU: Jishou University)
#2Gui-Sheng Li (JSU: Jishou University)
Lycophytes are the earliest vascular plants and Selaginella is the most studied genus among them. Prostrate shoots are produced during early growth and erect shoots emerge later in S. nipponica, thus providing an opportunity for exploring the evolution of the mechanism underlying the transition between growth phases. Six libraries were sequenced for the prostrate and the erect shoots, and a total of 206 768 genes were identified. Some genes were differentially expressed in prostate and erect sho...
#1Franziska E Zahn (University of Bayreuth)
#2Yung-I Lee (NTU: National Taiwan University)
Last. Gerhard Gebauer (University of Bayreuth)
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The chlorophyllous, terrestrial orchid Cremastra appendiculata from East Asia is unique concerning its fungal mycorrhiza partners. The initially mycoheterotrophic protocorms exploit rather specialized non-rhizoctonia saprotrophic Psathyrellaceae. Adult individuals of this orchid species are either linked to Psathyrellaceae being partially mycoheterotrophic or form mycorrhiza with fungi of the ubiquitous saprotrophic rhizoctonia group. This study provides new insights on nutrition mode, subterran...
#1Domenico Gargano (UNICAL: University of Calabria)
#2Liliana Bernardo (UNICAL: University of Calabria)
Last. Thomas Abeli (USGM: Marconi University)
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Assisted gene flow (AGF) can restore fitness in small plant populations. Due to climate change, current fitness patterns could vary in the future ecological scenario, as highly performant lineages can undergo maladaptation under the new climatic contexts. Peripheral populations have been argued to represent a potential source of species adaptation against climate change, but experimental evidence is poor. This paper considers the consequences of within- and between-population mating between a la...
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