Consciousness and Cognition
Papers 2883
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#1Annika Kask (UT: University of Tartu)
#2Nele Põldver (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 5
Last. Kairi Kreegipuu (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 18
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Abstract The present study investigates how the brain automatically discriminates emotional schematic faces, as indicated by the mismatch responses, and how reliable these brain responses are. Thirty-three healthy volunteers participated in the vMMN EEG experiment with four experimental sets differing from each other by the type of standard (object with scrambled face features) and the type of deviants (Angry, Happy and Neutral schematic faces) presented. Conscious subjective evaluations of vale...
Abstract The effect of emotions on Intentional binding (IB) is equivocal. In addition, most studies on IB have not manipulated emotional content of intentions. This study investigates the effect of intended and outcome emotions using emotional faces (happy or disgust face in experiment 1 and a happy or angry face in experiment 3). To see whether the effects are due to priming, we used instructions with a happy-disgust pair in experiment 2 and happy-angry pair in experiment 4. Outcome emotional f...
#1Chui-De Chiu (CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 11
#2Cheuk Ying Siu (CUHK: The Chinese University of Hong Kong)
Last. Mark W. Baldwin (McGill University)H-Index: 30
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Abstract Although dispositional shame and guilt have been distinguished by perceptions of the self and behavioral responses, the underlying information processing patterns remain unclear. We hypothesized that an ability to contemplate alternatives to perceptions of the current environment, i.e., flexibility in perspective shifting, may be essential to both dispositions. Dispositional shame may additionally relate to negative relational knowledge that involves a self-representation of being rejec...
#1Maria Solé Puig (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 5
#2August Romeo (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 15
Last. Hans SupèrH-Index: 24
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Abstract Figure-ground, that is the segmentation of visual information into objects and their surrounding backgrounds, provides structure for visual attention. Recent evidence shows a novel role of vergence eye movements in visual attention. In the present work, vergence responses during figure-ground segregation tasks are psychophysically investigated. We show that during a figure-ground detection task, subjects convergence their eyes. Vergence eye movements are larger in figure trials than in ...
#1Bree Beal (Clemson University)H-Index: 1
#2Guram Gogia (Emory University)H-Index: 2
We describe moral cognition as a process occurring in a distinctive cognitive space, wherein moral relationships are defined along several morally relevant dimensions. After identifying candidate dimensions, we show how moral judgments can emerge in this space directly from object perception, without any appeal to moral rules or abstract values. Our reductive "minimal model" (Batterman & Rice, 2014) elaborates Beal's (2020) claim that moral cognition is determined, at the most basic level, by "o...
#1Guan Wang (WMU: Wenzhou Medical College)
#2Pei Wang (WMU: Wenzhou Medical College)
Last. Yinghong Chen (WMU: Wenzhou Medical College)
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Abstract Previous studies have found that repeatedly exposed to a threatening situation may reduce doctors' level of empathy, reducing psychological stress and avoiding burnout and compassion fatigue. However, many essential studies found that it does not seem universal but rather modulated by group membership. In this study, we recorded event-related potentials (ERP) when doctors and controls watched visual stimuli describing patients attacking doctors (Threat events) or shaking hands with doct...
#1Anthony J. Ryals (UNT: University of North Texas)H-Index: 10
#2Megan E. Kelly (UNT: University of North Texas)H-Index: 3
Last. Anne M. Cleary (CSU: Colorado State University)H-Index: 22
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Abstract Tip-of-the-tongue states (TOTs) are feelings of impending word retrieval success during a current failure to retrieve a target word. Though much is known and understood about TOT states from decades of research, research on potential psychophysiological correlates of the TOT state is still in its infancy, and existing studies point toward the involvement of neural processes that are associated with enhanced attention, motivation, and information-seeking. In the present study, we demonst...
#1Youcai Yang (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)
#2Mariana V. C. Coutinho (ZU: Zayed University)H-Index: 12
Last. Deborah E. Hannula (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 20
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Abstract null null Target detection is faster when search displays repeat, but properties of the memory representations that give rise to this contextual cueing effect remain uncertain. We adapted the contextual cueing task using an ABA design and recorded the eye movements of healthy young adults to determine whether the memory representations are flexible. Targets moved to a new location during the B phase and then returned to their original locations (second A phase). Contextual cueing effect...
The notion that self-disorders are at the root of the emergence of schizophrenia rather than a symptom of the disease, is getting more traction in the cognitive sciences. This is in line with philosophical approaches that consider an enactive self, constituted through action and interaction with the environment. We thereby analyze different definitions of the self and evaluate various computational theories lending to these ideas. Bayesian and predictive processing are promising approaches for c...
Off-task thought has been found to occur at high rates and is related to impairment in ADHD. However, off-task thought is heterogenous and it remains unclear which specific dimensions of off-task thought are more prevalent in this disorder. It is therefore important to dissociate different aspects of off-task thought in order to better understand the mechanisms underlying impairment. The current study focused on the dimension of constrained (focused) to freely moving off-task thought. Self-repor...
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Cognitive psychology
Social psychology