Cancer Epidemiology
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#1L Giraldi (CUA: The Catholic University of America)
#2Giulia Collatuzzo (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 1
Last. Michael D. McClean (BU: Boston University)H-Index: 66
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Abstract null null Background null The aim of this study was to investigate the relationship between high-risk genotypes of Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) and cancer of different subsites of the oral cavity. null null null Material and methods null A pooled analysis of five studies included on the International Head and Neck Cancer Epidemiology (INHANCE) Consortium was conducted. HPV 16 and HPV 18 were considered. Adjusted odds ratios (ORs) and corresponding 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) for HPV ...
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#1David M. Hein (UTSW: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center)
#2Amy Little Jones (UTSW: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center)H-Index: 1
Last. Nina N. Sanford (UTSW: University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center)H-Index: 7
view all 4 authors...
BACKGROUND In May of 2018, the American Cancer Society lowered the age of colorectal cancer (CRC) screening initiation from 50 to 45 years and in October 2020, United States Preventive Services Task Force published draft guidelines also lowering age of screening initiation to 45 years. Evaluating guideline adherence is needed; however, the majority of prior research on cancer screening do not distinguish whether colonoscopy was performed for true screening purposes or for post-symptomatic diagno...
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#1Shaveta Khosla (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 6
#2Ronald C. Hershow (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 31
Last. Caryn E. Peterson (UIC: University of Illinois at Chicago)H-Index: 11
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Abstract null null Background null Head and neck squamous cell carcinomas (HNSCC) have not been fully examined in the Asian diasporas in the US, despite certain Asian countries having the highest incidence of specific HNSCCs. null null null Methods null National Cancer Database was used to compare 1046 Chinese, 887 South Asian (Indian/Pakistani), and 499 Filipino males to 156,927 Non-Hispanic White (NHW) males diagnosed with HNSCC between 2004−2013. Multinomial logistic regression was used to as...
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#1Joanna Pethick (Macmillan Cancer Support)
#2Cong Chen (PHE: Public Health England)
Last. Evangelia Tzala (Macmillan Cancer Support)
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BACKGROUND Time spent in hospital (length of stay) is an important component of patient experience and the financial cost of cancer care. This study documents the length of stay across English cancer diagnoses at a national level and reports on variation by patient demographics and tumour characteristics. METHODS Data on all diagnoses of malignant neoplasms from the English National Cancer Registration and Analysis Service for 252,202 patients first diagnosed in 2015 was linked with NHS Digital'...
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#1Pragati Advani (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 6
#2Lindsay M. Morton (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 56
Last. Sara J. Schonfeld (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 22
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BACKGROUND Mutually increased risks for thyroid and breast cancer have been reported, but the contribution of etiologic factors versus increased medical surveillance to these associations is unknown. METHODS Leveraging large-scale US population-based cancer registry data, we used standardized incidence ratios (SIRs) to investigate the reciprocal risks of thyroid and breast cancers among adult females diagnosed with a first primary invasive, non-metastatic breast cancer (N = 652,627) or papillary...
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#2Athira Nandakumar (Kadai: Kagoshima University)H-Index: 5
Last. Chihaya Koriyama (Kadai: Kagoshima University)H-Index: 35
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BACKGROUND In the Karunagappally cohort, esophageal cancer is the third most common cancer with an age-adjusted incidence rate of 6.2 per 100,000 person-years among men. The present study analyzed the risk of esophageal cancer in relation to alcohol drinking and tobacco use. METHODS The study included 65,528 men aged 30-84 years in the Karunagappally cohort, India. RESULTS Poisson regression analysis showed that alcohol drinking significantly increased (P = 0.027) the risk of esophageal cancer a...
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Background null Evidence has accumulated showing that an increase in thyroid cancer incidence reflects overdiagnosis of clinically unimportant lesions due to the rise in the use of neck ultrasonography. In the manuscript we examine the hypothesis that the rise in thyroid cancer incidence in Russia is largely caused by overdiagnosis. null Materials and methods null Incidence and mortality rates of thyroid cancer for Russia overall and its administrative regions were abstracted from the statistica...
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#1Christiane Rudolph (University of Lübeck)H-Index: 2
#2Gerda EngholmH-Index: 59
Last. Alexander Katalinic (University of Lübeck)H-Index: 69
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BACKGROUND AND AIM Denmark reports slightly lower breast cancer survival before 2010 than its neighbouring country Germany. Previous research is limited by lacking stage and treatment information. This study aims to investigate differences in breast cancer survival between the bordering regions Schleswig-Holstein (Germany), Southern Denmark and Zealand (Denmark) using registry data including stage and treatment information. METHOD Invasive female breast cancer cases diagnosed during 2004-2013 wi...
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#1Ingrid Salciccioli (Harvard University)
#2Charlie D. Zhou (Harvard University)
Last. Dominic C. Marshall (John Radcliffe Hospital)H-Index: 13
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BACKGROUND Cervical cancer is the fourth leading oncological cause of death in women. Variable trends in cervical cancer mortality have been observed across Europe, despite the widespread adoption of screening programs. This variability has previously been attributed to heterogeneity in the quality of screening programs. METHODS Age-standardized cervical cancer death rates for European countries between 1985 and 2014 were analyzed using Joinpoint regression. Countries were dichotomized based on ...
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#1Joseph H. Froelicher (Colorado School of Public Health)
#2Gonçalo ForjazH-Index: 1
Last. Pavel Chernyavskiy (UVA: University of Virginia)
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Abstract null null Background null Breast cancer is the most common malignancy in women world-wide and the most common cause of cancer deaths, which can often be managed with early diagnosis and subsequent treatment. Here, we focus on geographic disparities in incidence within Portugal for three age groups of women (30−49; 50−69; 70−84 years). null null null Methods null Age-period-cohort (APC) models are widely used in cancer surveillance, and these models have recently been extended to allow s...
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