Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
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The definitions of most of the currently recognized neurodevelopmental disorders and the criteria used to identify them have seen important changes since their inclusion in diagnostic classification systems (see, for instance, how the definitions of specific learning disorders and autism spectrum disorder (ASD) have been revised in successive versions of DSM). As is the case with many other mental conditions, our understanding of neurodevelopmental disorders is continuously being updated in the ...
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Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is one of the most prevalent childhood disorders, affecting approximately 8% of children in the United States.1 Although it is not typically diagnosed until around age 7 years, consensus is growing that symptoms emerge much earlier.2 Despite this, our knowledge continues to be relatively limited with respect to early indicators of ADHD, or the potential for early interventions for the condition.
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The clinical manifestations of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) often emerge before 6 years of age, and an early onset can portend a more marked and severe clinical course. Given that untreated ADHD can have a negative impact on educational attainment and social functioning, early treatment is indicated, as it might translate into better distal outcomes. For this age group, the current recommendation from clinical guidelines and ADHD experts is to administer behavioral therapy as ...
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#1Justin A. Lavner (UGA: University of Georgia)H-Index: 15
#2Ariel R. Hart (UGA: University of Georgia)H-Index: 4
Last. Steven R. H. Beach (UGA: University of Georgia)H-Index: 90
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OBJECTIVE Black youth experience racial discrimination at high rates. This study sought to further understand the longitudinal effects of racial discrimination on their mental health by examining cross-lagged associations between perceived racial discrimination and depressive symptoms at the between-person (interindividual) level and the within-person (intraindividual) level. METHOD Three hundred and forty-six Black youth (Mage = 10.9 years) from the rural Southern United States reported racial ...
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#1Julia Ruiz Pozuelo (University of Oxford)H-Index: 2
#1Julia Ruiz Pozuelo (University of the Witwatersrand)
Last. Andrea Cipriani (University of Oxford)H-Index: 65
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Abstract Objective Several studies conducted in high-income countries have found an association between depressive symptoms and risky behaviors among adolescents. Evidence from low- and middle-income countries (LMICs), where 90% of the world's adolescents live, remains scarce. The objective of this review was to systematically review the evidence examining the association between depressive symptoms and risky behaviors among adolescents in LMICs. Method We searched 15 electronic databases for pu...
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#1Brielle Cardieri (ISMMS: Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai)H-Index: 1
#2Ali Haider (Mount Sinai Hospital)
A simple, yet pointed question from my teen patients on the inpatient child psychiatry unit made my biggest professional anxiety come true. As a queer psychiatrist-in-training, I spend a lot of time thinking about how I present. Although in my personal life I am more comfortable presenting as queer and pushing the limits of the gender binary, in professional settings, I often mask my authentic self to have passing privilege based on my choice of clothing, tone of voice, and mannerisms. I choose ...
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#1Keara J. Neuman (FIU: Florida International University)
#2Daniel M. Bagner (FIU: Florida International University)H-Index: 30
Callous-unemotional (CU) traits, characterized by lack of remorse, guilt, or empathy, are represented in DSM-5 under the limited prosocial emotions specifier for conduct disorder. Research suggests that some interventions for conduct problems are less effective for children with higher levels of CU traits,1 and few interventions have been shown to reduce CU traits. Specifically, behavioral parenting interventions, evidence-based treatments for conduct problems, have been shown to be less effecti...
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Self-harm, hurting oneself with or without suicidal intent, is associated with poor mental health. Domains of risk known to be associated with self-harm include sociodemographic factors such as female gender, negative life events, family adversity, and psychiatric diagnoses.1 However, the heterogeneous nature of self-harm makes predicting risk and prevention challenging. The behaviors can be occasional or repetitive, suicidal in nature or not. Only about half of youths with deliberate self-harm ...
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