Psychological Science
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#1Cassandra J. Lowe (UWO: University of Western Ontario)H-Index: 12
#2Isu Cho (UWO: University of Western Ontario)
Last. J. Bruce Morton (UWO: University of Western Ontario)H-Index: 21
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There is considerable debate about whether bilingual children have an advantage in executive functioning relative to monolingual children. In the current meta-analysis, we addressed this debate by ...
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#1Ashley Leung (U of C: University of Chicago)H-Index: 2
#1Leung AH-Index: 1
Last. Yurovsky DH-Index: 1
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Young children learn language at an incredible rate. Although children come prepared with powerful statistical-learning mechanisms, the statistics they encounter are also prepared for them: Childre...
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#1Dobromir Rahnev (Georgia Institute of Technology)H-Index: 16
Humans exhibit substantial biases in their decision making even in simple two-choice tasks, but the origin of these biases remains unclear. I hypothesized that one source of bias could be individua...
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#1Robert Wiley (UNCG: University of North Carolina at Greensboro)H-Index: 4
#2Brenda Rapp (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 43
Previous research indicates that writing practice may be more beneficial than nonmotor practice for letter learning. Here, we report a training study comparing typing, visual, and writing learning conditions in adults (N = 42). We investigated the behavioral consequences of learning modality on literacy learning and evaluated the nature of the learned letter representations. Specifically, the study addressed three questions. First, are the benefits of handwriting practice due to motor learning p...
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#1Jinjing Jenny Wang (RU: Rutgers University)H-Index: 4
#2Yang Yang (NIE: National Institute of Education)
Last. Elizabeth Bonawitz (Harvard University)H-Index: 19
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How do changes in learners’ knowledge influence information seeking? We showed preschoolers (N = 100) uncertain outcomes for events and let them choose which event to resolve. We found that childre...
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#1Daniela J. Palombo (UBC: University of British Columbia)H-Index: 23
Last. Madan Cr
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Our memories can differ in quality from one event to the next, and emotion is one important explanatory factor. Still, the manner in which emotion impacts episodic memory is complex: Whereas emotio...
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#1Angela M. Smith (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 1
#2Emily C. Willroth (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 2
Last. Brett Q. Ford (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 25
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How people respond to health threats can influence their own health and, when people are facing communal risks, even their community's health. We propose that people commonly respond to health threats by managing their emotions with cognitive strategies such as reappraisal, which can reduce fear and protect mental health. However, because fear can also motivate health behaviors, reducing fear may also jeopardize health behaviors. In two diverse U.S. samples (N = 1,241) tracked across 3 months, s...
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#1Jon Roozenbeek (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 8
#2Alexandra L. J. Freeman (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 9
Last. Sander van der Linden (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 30
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As part of the Systematizing Confidence in Open Research and Evidence (SCORE) program, the present study consisted of a two-stage replication test of a central finding by Pennycook et al. (2020), namely that asking people to think about the accuracy of a single headline improves "truth discernment" of intentions to share news headlines about COVID-19. The first stage of the replication test (n = 701) was unsuccessful (p = .67). After collecting a second round of data (additional n = 882, pooled ...
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#1Sebastian Schindler (WWU: University of Münster)H-Index: 13
#2Anne Höhner (WWU: University of Münster)
Last. Thomas Straube (WWU: University of Münster)H-Index: 38
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Dyadic interactions are associated with the exchange of personality-related messages, which can be congruent or incongruent with one’s self-view. In the current preregistered study (N = 52), we inv...
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#1Guy Voichek (Yale University)
#2Nathan Novemsky (Yale University)H-Index: 15
Research has shown that hedonic-contrast effects are a ubiquitous and important phenomenon. In eight studies (N = 4,999) and four supplemental studies (N = 1,809), we found that hedonic-contrast effects were stronger for negative outcomes than for positive outcomes. This asymmetric-contrast effect held for both anticipated and experienced affect. The effect makes risks that include gains and losses more attractive in the presence of high reference points because contrast diminishes the hedonic i...
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