Psychological Science
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#1Guy Voichek (Yale University)
#2Nathan Novemsky (Yale University)H-Index: 15
Research has shown that hedonic-contrast effects are a ubiquitous and important phenomenon. In eight studies (N = 4,999) and four supplemental studies (N = 1,809), we found that hedonic-contrast effects were stronger for negative outcomes than for positive outcomes. This asymmetric-contrast effect held for both anticipated and experienced affect. The effect makes risks that include gains and losses more attractive in the presence of high reference points because contrast diminishes the hedonic i...
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#1Martina Luchetti (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 15
#2Antonio Terracciano (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 76
Last. Angelina R. Sutin (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 62
view all 5 authors...
Personality traits are associated with memory in older adulthood: Individuals higher in conscientiousness and openness and lower in neuroticism tend to perform better on memory-recall tasks. We conducted a preregistered study to replicate these associations in a large, multinational cohort and test whether the associations varied by national-level socioeconomic indicators (e.g., per capita gross domestic product). Multilevel modeling was used to analyze data from 71,566 individuals (age: M = 67....
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#1Madalina Vlasceanu (Princeton University)H-Index: 2
#2Michael J. Morais (Princeton University)H-Index: 3
Last. Alin Coman (Princeton University)H-Index: 14
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Making predictions is an adaptive feature of the cognitive system, as prediction errors are used to adjust the knowledge they stemmed from. Here, we investigated the effect of prediction errors on belief update in an ideological context. In Study 1, 704 Cloud Research participants first evaluated a set of beliefs and then either made predictions about evidence associated with the beliefs and received feedback or were just presented with the evidence. Finally, they reevaluated the initial beliefs...
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#1Hazel Rose Markus (Stanford University)H-Index: 107
This Further Reflections piece was invited by the Editors of the journal to provide additional consideration of some of the significant issues under study in "Culture Moderates the Relation Between Gender Inequality and Well-Being" (Li et al., 2021) available online at https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797620972492 and on pages XXX-XXX of this issue. Further Reflections are not commentaries on a particular article, though they are inspired by one. Rather, they provide broader perspectives on issues co...
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#1Chen Li (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 4
#2Miron Zuckerman (UR: University of Rochester)H-Index: 54
Last. Ed Diener (UIUC: University of Illinois at Urbana–Champaign)H-Index: 185
view all 3 authors...
Research on the relation of gender inequality and subjective well-being (SWB) has produced inconsistent results. We suggest that culture moderates this relation such that inequality has a greater adverse effect in liberal than in conservative societies. The present studies, using aggregate data from 86 countries (Study 1) and 145,975 individuals' data from 69 countries (Study 2), support this notion. Among liberal countries, inequality was negatively related to SWB for both men and women; there ...
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#1Manuel Eisner (University of Cambridge)H-Index: 32
#2Pasco Fearon (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 29
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#1Karra Harrington (University of Melbourne)H-Index: 16
#2Andrew J. Aschenbrenner (WashU: Washington University in St. Louis)H-Index: 13
Last. Jason Hassenstab (WashU: Washington University in St. Louis)H-Index: 31
view all 10 authors...
Neurodegenerative disease is highly prevalent among older adults and, if undetected, may obscure estimates of cognitive change among aging samples. Our aim in this study was to determine the nature and magnitude of cognitive change in the absence of common neuropathologic markers of neurodegenerative disease. Cognitively normal older adults (ages 65-89 years, N = 199) were classified as normal or abnormal using neuroimaging and cerebrospinal-fluid biomarkers of β-amyloid, tau, and neurodegenerat...
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#1Cortney Simmons (Yale University)H-Index: 5
#2May I. Conley (Yale University)H-Index: 3
Last. B. J. Casey (Yale University)H-Index: 108
view all 14 authors...
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#1Jason C. Coronel (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 5
#2Olivia M. Bullock (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 4
Last. Shannon Poulsen (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 3
view all 6 authors...
More than 100 countries allow people to vote directly on policies in direct democracy elections (e.g., 2016 Brexit referendum). Politicians are often responsible for writing ballot language, and voters frequently encounter ballot measures that are difficult to understand. We examined whether eye movements from a small group of individuals can predict the consequences of ballot language on large-scale voting decisions. Across two preregistered studies (Study 1: N = 120 registered voters, Study 2:...
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