Archives of Virology
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#1Proawpilart Intayot (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 3
#2Atchara Phumee (WU.: Walailak University)H-Index: 11
Last. Padet Siriyasatien (Chula: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 19
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Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) is a mosquito-borne emerging pathogen that is transmitted to humans through the bite of female Aedes mosquitoes. CHIKV infection has become a major public health concern worldwide, as it has a significant impact on the healthcare system. Since 2004, the virus has emerged in Africa and subsequently spread to countries located near the Indian Ocean, including India, and to Europe, the Americas, and Asia. In Thailand, a large CHIKV outbreak occurred during 2008-2009 and wa...
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#1Qin Kang (CAU: China Agricultural University)
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A novel double-stranded RNA virus was isolated and identified from Beauveria bassiana Vuillemin, derived from the muscardine cadaver of an Ostrinia furnacalis larva in China. The virus contains six dsRNAs, and each viral dsRNA contains only one open reading frame (ORF). As in other polymycoviruses, dsRNA1 encodes an RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp), dsRNA3 encodes a methyltransferase (MTR), and dsRNA4 encodes a proline-alanine-serine-rich protein. A BLASTp search revealed that the viral RdRp ...
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Simple and standardized approaches for genome analysis of human papillomavirus (HPV) by next-generation sequencing are needed. The aim of the study was to develop a protocol for direct deep sequencing of high-risk (hr) HPV strains, based on the widely used commercial Hybrid Capture 2 (QIAGEN) test, without any additional probe design. This protocol was applied to 15 HPV-positive and two HPV-negative cervical samples or cell lines and validated at the genotype level by comparing the sequencing re...
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#1Saleem Anwar (Jamia Millia Islamia)
#2Khursheed ul Islam (Jamia Millia Islamia)H-Index: 1
Last. Jawed Iqbal (Jamia Millia Islamia)H-Index: 2
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Viruses cause a variety of diseases in humans and other organisms. The most important defense mechanism against viral infections is initiated when the viral genome is sensed by host proteins, and this results in interferon production and pro-inflammatory cytokine responses. The sensing of the viral genome or its replication intermediates within host cells is mediated by cytosolic proteins. For example, cGAS and IFI16 recognize non-self DNA, and RIG-I and MDA5 recognize non-self RNA. Once these s...
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#1Yang Li (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
#2Yan Zhang (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)
Last. Rongge YangH-Index: 20
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A novel circulating recombinant form (CRF) was identified in eight HIV-1-infected patients without direct epidemiological relationships in Henan Province, Central China. Recombination analysis indicated that the genome of this novel CRF comprises five segments: three inherited from CRF01_AE cluster-4 and two from CRF55_01B. Therefore, the CRF was designated CRF114_0155. It is not only the first novel CRF identified in Henan Province but also the first third-generation CRF of HIV-1 and the first ...
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#1Mesele Tilahun Belete (Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology)
#2Workitu Firomsa Gudeta (Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology)
Last. Jae Sun Moon (Korea Research Institute of Bioscience and Biotechnology)H-Index: 22
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We herein present the complete genome sequence of codonopsis torradovirus A (CoTVA), which was isolated from Codonopsis lanceolata (deodeok) in Gangwon-do, South Korea. The CoTVA genome contains two positive-sense RNA segments, namely RNA1 (6922 nucleotides), which encodes a predicted polyprotein, and RNA2 (4613 nucleotides), which encodes a movement protein and coat proteins (CPs). The proteinase-polymerase (Pro-Pol) and CP amino acid sequences were 75% and 54% identical, respectively, to those...
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#1Bingtian Shi (CCDC: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention)
#2Qinqin Song (CCDC: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention)H-Index: 1
Last. Du H (CCDC: Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention)
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Internal ribosome entry site (IRES)-dependent translation is a mechanism distinct from 5′ cap-dependent translation. IRES elements are located mainly in the 5′ untranslated regions (UTRs) of viral and eukaryotic mRNAs. However, IRESs are also found in the coding regions of some viral and eukaryotic genomes to initiate the translation of some functional truncated isoforms. Here, five putative IRES elements of human rhinovirus 16 (HRV16) were identified in the coding region of the nonstructural pr...
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#1K. Cordes (Leibniz University of Hanover)
#2Edgar Maiss (Leibniz University of Hanover)H-Index: 36
Last. Hanna Rose (Leibniz University of Hanover)H-Index: 2
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Cucumber vein yellowing virus (CVYV) is a member of the genus Ipomovirus in the family Potyviridae. In the National Center for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) database, three complete genome sequences of CVYV isolates from Spain (NC_006941), Israel (KT276369), and Jordan (JF460793) are available. In this study, we report the complete sequence of an isolate of CVYV from Portugal (DSMZ PV-0776) along with the construction of an infectious full-length cDNA clone via Gibson assembly. The sequence o...
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#1Ryo OkadaH-Index: 9
#2Hiromitsu Moriyama (TUAT: Tokyo University of Agriculture and Technology)H-Index: 16
Last. Rodrigo A. Valverde (Louisiana State University Agricultural Center)H-Index: 22
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A double-stranded RNA (dsRNA) of approximately 16 kbp was isolated from symptomless common buckwheat (Fagopyrum esculentum) plants. The size of the dsRNA suggested that it was the replicative form of an endornavirus. The dsRNA was sequenced, and it consisted of 15,677 nt, containing a single open reading frame that potentially encoded a polyprotein of 5190 aa. The polyprotein contained conserved domains for a viral methyltransferase, viral RNA helicase 1, MSCRAMM family adhesion SdrC, UDP-glycos...
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#1Mengshi Xiao (Ocean University of China)H-Index: 3
#2Xinmiao Ren (Ocean University of China)
Last. Xiaodan Fu (Ocean University of China)H-Index: 6
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The genome of a Cronobacter sakazakii M1 phage named PF-CE2 was characterized in this work, and a new species named "Cronobacter virus PF-CE2", in the genus Pseudotevenvirus of the subfamily Tevenvirinae of the family Myoviridae is proposed. The Gp190 gene of phage PF-CE2 is predicted to encode a bacteriophage-borne glycanase that is capable of degrading fucose-containing exopolysaccharides produced by C. sakazakii M1. Furthermore, we propose changing the taxonomic status of eight additional pha...
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