Current Opinion in Cardiology
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#1Emrie Tomaiko-Clark (St. Joseph Hospital)
Last. Wilber SuH-Index: 12
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Purpose of review null The cryoballoon catheter has been an option for the treatment of atrial fibrillation for over a decade. The most widely used device is the Medtronic Arctic Advance cryoballoon catheter. Recently, Boston Scientific has released the POLARx cryoballoon catheter. Here we review the major changes in the catheter system's design and its implications for procedural practice. null Recent findings null The POLARx cryoballoon catheter has been approved for use in Europe. Some studie...
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#1Lewis D. Hahn (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 7
#2Kathrin Baeumler (SU: Stanford University)H-Index: 2
Last. Albert Hsiao (UCSD: University of California, San Diego)H-Index: 20
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Discuss foundational concepts for artificial intelligence (AI) and review recent literature on its application to aortic disease. RECENT FINDINGS Machine learning (ML) techniques are rapidly evolving for the evaluation of aortic disease - broadly categorized as algorithms for aortic segmentation, detection of pathology, and risk stratification. Advances in deep learning, particularly U-Net architectures, have revolutionized segmentation of the aorta and show potential for monit...
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#1Rubab Fatima (Queen's University)
#2Nitish DhingraH-Index: 1
Last. Bobby YanagawaH-Index: 31
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Purpose of review null New evidence suggests a greater prevalence of protracted postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF) than previously recognized. The left atrial appendage (LAA) is the most common source of embolism in patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. In this review, we ask whether there is evidence to support routine LAA occlusion (LAAO) in patients without preexisting atrial fibrillation undergoing cardiac surgery. null Recent findings null Overall, available studies are small...
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#1Veronika Sedláková (MU: Masaryk University)H-Index: 5
#2Manuel AhumadaH-Index: 9
Last. Emilio I. Alarcon (University of Ottawa)H-Index: 27
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW This review describes the latest advances in cell therapy, biomaterials and 3D bioprinting for the treatment of cardiovascular disease. RECENT FINDINGS Cell therapies offer the greatest benefit for patients suffering from chronic ischemic and nonischemic cardiomyopathy. Rather than replacing lost cardiomyocytes, the effects of most cell therapies are mediated by paracrine signalling, mainly through the induction of angiogenesis and immunomodulation. Cell preconditioning, or gen...
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#1Katsuhiro Hosoyama (Tohoku University)H-Index: 3
#2Kay MaedaH-Index: 4
Last. Yoshikatsu SaikiH-Index: 14
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Coronary revascularization is known to be an excellent treatment for coronary artery disease. However, whether incomplete myocardial revascularization compromises long-term outcomes, as compared to complete revascularization (CR), remains contentious. Herein, we review the concept of and evidence on CR/incomplete revascularization (ICR) and discuss future perspectives. RECENT FINDINGS When possible, achieving CR in coronary artery bypass grafting is desirable; nonetheless, ICR ...
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#1Daniele AndreiniH-Index: 50
#2Edoardo ConteH-Index: 27
Last. Patrick W. Serruys (NUIG: National University of Ireland, Galway)H-Index: 215
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Multicenter studies showed that the characterization of coronary atherosclerosis by coronary computed tomography (CT) angiography (CCTA) provides independent and incremental prognostic value above and beyond traditional measures of coronary artery disease (CAD) and is able to identify patients at risk of future event. Aim of the present review is to expound the major imaging plaque features associated with increased risk of coronary event and to review the data supporting the u...
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#1D Meteva (Charité - University Medicine Berlin)H-Index: 2
#2C Seppelt (Charité - University Medicine Berlin)H-Index: 2
Last. David M. Leistner (Charité - University Medicine Berlin)H-Index: 16
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW The current systematic review aims to provide novel insights into the distinct pathological features of acute coronary syndrome (ACS) with intact fibrous cap, also known as 'plaque erosion'. A more detailed understanding of its underlying pathomechanisms provides the basis for future personalized therapeutic approaches to ACS. RECENT FINDINGS In the past years, a mounting proportion of evidence point towards the concept of plaque erosion being responsible for more than one-thir...
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Management of atrial fibrillation can be overwhelming with the amount of information and treatment options available today. This review discusses landmark and other clinically relevant trials published in the last 18 months. RECENT FINDINGS There have been several recent key clinical trials and subanalyses in the field of atrial fibrillation. Early rhythm control with ablation or antiarrhythmic medications has upended the previous practice of rate control for patients with atri...
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#1Matthew R. Schill (WUSTL: Washington University in St. Louis)H-Index: 9
Purpose of review null Several surgical repair strategies are available for patients with aortic root aneurysms. This review summarizes the indications for surgery, surgical treatment options, as well their associated outcomes. null Recent findings null Despite the development and increasing adoption of valve sparing aortic root replacement, most patients with aortic root aneurysms still undergo placement of a composite valved graft. Valve sparing aortic root replacement may have a lower rate of...
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