International Journal of Psychology
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#1Amir Mohsen Rahnejat (Aja University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 1
#2Mohammadreza Ebrahimi (Aja University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 1
Last. Arsia Taghva (Aja University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 8
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By exposing individuals to trauma, wars can cause a host of psychiatric disorders. This study aimed to collect and compare the studies conducted to estimate the prevalence of depression among veterans, former prisoners of war (POWs) and military personnel in the Iran-Iraq war (1980-1988). In this systematic review, a search was conducted using relevant keywords in major national and international databases, personal archives and national academic libraries. We screened 135 records using their ab...
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Some evidence suggests that lay persons are able to perceive sexual orientation from face stimuli above the chance level. A morphometric study of 390 heterosexual and homosexual Canadian people of both sexes reported that facial structure differed depending on the sexual orientation. Gay and heterosexual men differed on three metrics as the most robust multivariate predictors, and lesbian and heterosexual women differed on four metrics. A later study verified the perceptual validity of these mul...
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#1Hessah Alshaalan (University of Plymouth)
#2Michaela Gummerum (Warw.: University of Warwick)H-Index: 21
Theories in moral psychology have debated whether people’s moral judgments are influenced by social processes, such as others’ opinions, arguments, and actions. This research investigated conformity with moral, social-conventional, and decency issues in adults from the United Kingdom (Study 1, N = 50) and Kuwait (Study 2, N = 164). Participants first had to make individual judgments regarding moral, social-conventional, and decency transgressions. Using a conformity paradigm with low social pres...
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#1Maria Chiara Fastame (University of Cagliari)H-Index: 13
#2Ilaria Mulas (University of Cagliari)H-Index: 3
Last. Marilena Ruiu (University of Cagliari)H-Index: 1
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The effect of migration on perceived mental health has not been examined in older migrants after their return to their places of origin. This study was mainly aimed at evaluating the perceived mental health of older people who experienced migration and permanent resident peers living in the Sardinian Blue Zone (i.e. one of the four areas of exceptional longevity in the world). Forty-eight community-based older participants (32 males and 16 females) with and without a migration experience were re...
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#1Matt C. Howard (USA: University of South Alabama)H-Index: 9
Popular press articles have asserted that those with certain political orientations are less likely to wear face masks during the COVID-19 pandemic. We propose that this relation is due to differential information shared by political parties rather than values associated with face mask wearing. We further propose that, when assessed together, political party affiliation (e.g., Republican, Democrat) but not political ideology (e.g., conservative, liberal) predicts face mask wearing, and this effe...
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#1MohammadHasan Sharifian (UT: University of Tehran)
#2Javad Hatami (UT: University of Tehran)H-Index: 14
Last. Mohammad Mahdi Fathian Boroujeni (Kharazmi University)
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Stereotyping is defined as generalising an attribute to a whole group and overlooking individual differences. In this study, we investigated whether Iranians' stereotypes of nations affected their empathy for the citizens of those nations. First, in a pilot study we explored common national stereotypes by using the stereotype content model (SCM) based on which six countries with different perceived warmth and competence scores were selected as nationalities of the protagonists of the vignettes i...
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#1Martina Smorti (UniPi: University of Pisa)H-Index: 10
#2Lucia Ponti (UniFI: University of Florence)H-Index: 9
Last. Lucia BonassiH-Index: 2
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The COVID-19 pandemic and consequent lockdown represent risk factors for the mental health of pregnant women. We explored the impact of COVID-19 restriction policies on psychological health, analysing the predictive role of social support on maternal wellbeing. A total of 212 pregnant women recruited from two public hospitals in Italy were divided into two groups: (a) a pre-COVID-19 group composed of 141 expectant women (mean age = 34.6; SD = 4.3) at their third trimester before the national loc...
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#1Dian van Huijstee (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 1
#2Ivar Vermeulen (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 15
Last. Ellen Droog (VU: VU University Amsterdam)H-Index: 2
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Health-related misinformation, especially in times of a global health crisis, can have severe negative consequences on public health. In the current studies, we investigated the persuasive impact of COVID-19-related misinformation, and whether the valence of the misinformation and recipients' degree of overconfidence affect this impact. In two pre-registered experimental studies, participants (N = 403; N = 437) were exposed to either a positive or a negative news article describing a fictional h...
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#1Kendra J. Thomas (UIndy: University of Indianapolis)H-Index: 6
Perceptions of justice have been extensively researched within just world theory as both defensive coping mechanisms and as personal resources. This paper advocates for more programmatic efforts to be devoted to understanding perceptions of justice as rational reflections of individual access to justice. Justice Capital is conceptualised here as an individual difference based on status, microsystem authorities, effort-effect pipeline, voice, and society. These dimensions can overlap and operate ...
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The psychological research on conspiracy beliefs to date has focused predominantly on conspiracy beliefs in Western democracies. The current study sought to fill this gap by examining beliefs in conspiracy theories in a democratic society and a society in transition. British (N = 298) and Macedonian (N = 312) participants completed an online questionnaire measuring conspiracy beliefs, trust in media and institutions and support for democratic principles. Macedonian participants endorsed conspira...
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