Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
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A previously healthy 62-year-old African American female presented with a fulminant orbital cellulitis of the right eye with diffuse scleritis and orbital inflammation extending to the optic chiasm on neuroimaging. She was taken for an emergent orbitotomy with an orbital fat biopsy and started on broad-spectrum intravenous (IV) and topical antibiotics. Within 36 hours of presentation, scleral thinning and a corneal melt ensued, ending in enucleation. Intraoperative cultures were positive for Clo...
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#1Parya Abdolalizadeh (IUMS: Iran University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 5
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PURPOSE To compare the retinal peripapillary capillary (RPC) vessel density (VD) between 5 groups of patients on the spectrum of thyroid eye disease (TED). METHOD This is a prospective comparative study looking at 5 groups of patients who were consecutively included from January 2018 to March 2021. They were composed of: Healthy volunteers (39 eyes and 20 subjects), patients with Graves' disease without TED (26 eyes and 13 patients), mild TED (28 eyes and 14 patients), moderate-severe TED (30 ey...
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#1David R. Jordan (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)
#2Jonathan J. DuttonH-Index: 20
PURPOSE Prophylactic enucleation of a ruptured globe with no light perception within 14 days of injury to prevent sympathetic ophthalmia (SO) has been an established dictum in academic teaching for more than 100 years. This treatment strategy was originally based on observation, speculation, and careful thought, but there was never any scientific proof. This review summarizes and updates the current state of our knowledge about globe rupture and SO, examines the origin and validity of the 14-day...
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A 50-year-old woman with a history of controlled Graves' disease without clinical ophthalmopathy presents with 2 months of left more than right periorbital swelling and proptosis. Her eye symptoms and signs began 3 days following her second vaccination against the COVID-19 virus. Orbital imaging, elevated thyroid stimulating immunoglobulin, and negative systemic work up for other diseases were consistent with a diagnosis of active thyroid eye disease. The temporal relationship to her vaccination...
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#1Jonathan A. Barnett (VUMC: Vanderbilt University Medical Center)
Last. Rachel K. SobelH-Index: 8
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We present an unusual case of a patient who acquired a pansinusitis and orbital cellulitis with necrotizing features, subsequently developing scleritis, keratitis, and anterior uveitis. To date, there are no reported cases of the simultaneous involvement of these ocular structures from a pansinusitis. Our patient was urgently taken to the operating room for drainage of the abscesses within his sinuses and the orbit. Intraoperative cultures were positive for Parvimonas micra, an odontogenic anaer...
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#1Zachary Q. Mortensen (UIHC: University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics)
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A neonate presented with a large full-thickness upper eyelid coloboma with near-complete exposure of the cornea. After failing lubrication and a moisture chamber, he was fit with a customized scleral contact lens that protected the ocular surface. It was tolerated well, and ocular surface health was maintained for 13 months to permit the growth of eyelid tissue for future oculoplastic surgery. Delaying reconstruction by using scleral contact lenses as management for large eyelid colobomas has no...
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#1Shannath L. Merbs (UMB: University of Maryland, Baltimore)H-Index: 27
Last. Emily W. Gower (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 26
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INTRODUCTION The World Health Organization has identified management of postoperative trichiasis (PTT) as one of the key remaining areas of focus needed to eliminate blinding trachoma as a public health problem. We developed the Bevel-Rotation Advancement Procedure (B-RAP) to treat individuals who need repeat trichiasis surgery. METHODS Scarring caused by trichiasis surgery can cause the eyelid to become thick and distorted, making repeat surgery more difficult. To minimize eyelid thickness foll...
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#1Jessica Y. Tong (RNSH: Royal North Shore Hospital)
#2Valerie JuniatH-Index: 2
Last. Dinesh SelvaH-Index: 61
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PURPOSE Orbital amyloidosis of the extraocular muscles (EOMs) is a rare condition, and its clinicoradiological features are not well elucidated. This study describes the characteristic clinical signs, MRI features, and potential treatment options. METHODS Retrospective multicenter case series and literature review of EOM amyloidosis. RESULTS Five cases were identified for inclusion. Common clinical findings were diplopia, ophthalmoplegia, and proptosis. Systemic amyloidosis was more likely to pr...
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#1Alisha Kamboj (UMN: University of Minnesota)
#2Christopher J. Hwang (UMN: University of Minnesota)
Last. Andrew R. Harrison (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 21
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Herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) is a neuro-oculo-dermic infection caused by reactivation of latent varicella zoster virus in the dorsal root ganglia of the ophthalmic division of the trigeminal nerve. Although a rare diagnosis in an otherwise healthy, vaccinated pediatric patient, this entity may occur with increasing frequency among those with preceding trauma, particularly in the month prior to presentation. Herein, we highlight a case of HZO in a vaccinated, immunocompetent adolescent in the...
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Osteoma cutis is a term applied to bone formation in the dermis or subcutaneous tissue. It is deemed primary when occurring de novo without prior disease or secondary when associated with pre-existing inflammation, neoplasia or trauma. The authors describe a longstanding focal calcified and ossified lesion of the upper eyelid in a healthy 10-year-old girl along with a sterile corneal ulcer. The lesion most likely represented an ossified tarsal cyst or chalazion.
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