East African Medical Journal
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Sickle cell trait blood can cause complications in transfused patients.Objective: This study aimed at evaluating the prevalence of sickle cell trait among the blood donors and its impact in transfused patients in Bungoma County.Design: A cross sectional study targeting healthy blood donors and patients transfused with sickle cell trait blood in Bungoma County from January 2019 to January 2020.Participants: A total of 350 blood donors and 10 patients transfused with sickle cell trait blood were e...
Introduction: This is a case study of the Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals. It analyses interactions of public health organisational leadership with its environment, within the context of Zimbabwe’s unique social, economic and political circumstances.Objective: To investigate how the local contextual environment of Zimbabwe’s unique social, economic and political situation interacted with leadership of the Parirenyatwa Group of Hospitals; within Zimbabwe’s public health setting.Methods (Design, S...
Background: Foot mycosis is one of the most common fungal infections of the skin worldwide. The magnitude of the problem in terms of clinical presentations, etiology and associated factors remain as poorly established in low-income countries especially in Uganda.Objective: To study the clinical presentations, etiology and factors associated with foot mycoses among patients attending Mbarara Regional Referral Hospital, Mbarara, Uganda (MRRH). Materials and methods: This was a cross-sectional stud...
Background: Cardiovascular disease, principally, ischemic heart disease and stroke, constitute the leading cause of global mortality, accounting for 422.2 million cases of cardiovascular disease and 17.92 million deaths worldwide in 2015. In Ethiopia, no countrywide studies done on cardiovascular disease, except for some hospital-based studies and a few community based research showing the problem as an important cause of morbidity and mortality. Method: This is a facility-based study at the fir...
Background: Previous studies of the prescription pattern of psychotropic medications in patients with schizophrenia have highlighted a high rate of antipsychotic polypharmacy (APP), but data in Northwest Nigerian are sparse. This study seeks to examine the antipsychotic use patterns, prevalence of antipsychotic polypharmacy and its comparison with recommended guidelines in outpatients with schizophrenia in a tertiary health institution in Northwest Nigeria.Methods: One hundred and eighty-five ou...
Uterine fibroids affect women during the middle and later reproductive years. Recently. with advancement in laparoscopic techniques including the use of power morcellation, there has been an increase reported cases of extra uterine myomas. Disseminated peritoneal leiomyomatosis (DPL) or leiomyomatosis peritonealis disseminata is a rare condition, which is characterized by benign smooth muscle cells proliferation in the peritoneal cavity. This is a case of incidental intra operative DPL with sync...
Background: Community participation is the collective involvement of local people in assessing and identifying their needs, implementing and evaluating health programs. Community projects project have various phases, assessment, planning, implementation, and monitoring and evaluation phase. Community members should be involved in all phases to own the projects. This study sought to establish the level of community participation in Kangundo Sub-county in rural health care facility services, in Ma...
Background: Seeking health services is subject to human behaviour, which in turn can be influenced by formal education. We studied formal education and its effects on seeking health service among patients presenting with the three prostate disorders of prostatitis, Benign Prostate Hyperplasia (BPH) and prostate cancer.Objective: To establish the relationship between formal education and seeking of health services among men with prostate disorders.Design: Cross sectional study using interviewer a...
Objective: This study explored the perspectives of foundational science teachers on the integration of courses within a discipline-based curriculum.Design: A qualitative enquiry based on an interpretive paradigm framework. Data were obtained through three focus group discussions conducted among the teachers from the departments of anatomy, physiology, and biochemistry of the institution. The transcript data obtained were analysed using the process of thematic analysis.Setting: The study was cond...
Background: Acute Appendicitis is one of the commonest surgical emergencies worldwide. The incidence in age, sex and relation to seasons of the year show wide variations globally.Objective: to ascertain if there is a seasonal variation in the incidence of acute appendicitis in Aba, Southeast Nigeria, using 3 Hospitals.Design: Prospective study.Setting: Abia State University Teaching Hospital, Jonex Hospital, Living Word Mission Hospital- all in Aba, Southeast Nigeria.Subjects: patients with clin...
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