Current Opinion in Gastroenterology
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#1Stephen J. Pandol (Cedars-Sinai Medical Center)H-Index: 74
#2Chris E. Forsmark (UF: University of Florida)H-Index: 49
PURPOSE OF REVIEW To answer several important clinical questions, the Consortium for the study of Chronic Pancreatitis, Diabetes, and Pancreatic Cancer (CPDPC) research consortium has established several ongoing clinical cohort studies focused on pancreatitis in adults and children, pancreatic cancer, and diabetes associated with pancreatic disease. These will provide a unique resource for clinical and basic science research into these hard-to-treat diseases. RECENT FINDINGS The cause, natural h...
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#1Simon K. Lo (Cedars-Sinai Medical Center)H-Index: 31
#2Shirley PaskiH-Index: 4
Last. Quin LiuH-Index: 1
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW The aim of this study was to provide practical tips to readers on how to perform deep enteroscopy efficiently. RECENT FINDINGS Deep enteroscopy has revolutionized the diagnosis and management of small intestinal conditions in recent years. They are extremely valuable, but may be technically challenging to perform, regardless if it is double balloon enteroscopy, single balloon enteroscopy or spiral enteroscopy. The common issues to these procedures are repetitive motion, extende...
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Recent insights into the complex relationship between diabetes and pancreatic cancer have the potential to help direct future approaches to early detection, treatment and prevention. RECENT FINDINGS Insulin resistance and hyperinsulinemia have been identified as factors that relate to risk of pancreatic cancer among patients with long-standing diabetes. In contrast, weight loss in the setting of new-onset diabetes can help identify patients at an increased risk for harbouring p...
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Third space endoscopy (TSE) or submucosal endoscopy provides with the opportunity for minimally invasive management of various gastrointestinal disorders. TSE is a relatively new field and the knowledge on its utility continues to advance. The purpose of this review is to provide with updated evidence on the efficacy and utility of TSE in gastrointestinal motility disorders including achalasia and refractory gastroparesis. RECENT FINDINGS Peroral endoscopic myotomy (POEM) is a ...
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#1Matthew Moore (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 3
#2Prateek Sharma (KU: University of Kansas)H-Index: 80
PURPOSE OF REVIEW Artificial intelligence is becoming rapidly integrated into modern technology including medicine. Artificial intelligence has a wide range of potential in gastroenterology, particularly with endoscopy, given the required analysis of large datasets of images. The aim of this review is to summarize the advances of artificial intelligence in gastroenterology (GI) endoscopy over the past year. RECENT FINDINGS Computer-aided detection (CADe) systems during real-time colonoscopy have...
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#1Guru TrikudanathanH-Index: 20
#2Emil Lou (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 27
Last. Shounak Majumder (Mayo Clinic)H-Index: 13
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) is third leading cause of cancer death in the United States, a lethal disease with no screening strategy. Although diagnosis at an early stage is associated with improved survival, clinical detection of PDAC is typically at an advanced symptomatic stage when best in class therapies have limited impact on survival. RECENT FINDINGS In recent years this status quo has been challenged by the identification of novel risk factors, molecular mar...
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#1Thaer Abdelfattah (VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)
Last. Tilak ShahH-Index: 2
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Gastric intestinal metaplasia (GIM) is an attractive target for surveillance and treatment as it can progress to gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC). Yet, GIM remains a challenging area for clinicians as most patients do not progress to cancer, and there are conflicting data regarding the benefits of surveillance and therapy. This review aims to summarize recently published GIM surveillance guidelines, to discuss, which patients with GIM may benefit from treatment, and to review pivot...
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#1Robert F. J. Kullberg (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 1
#2W. Joost WiersingaH-Index: 33
Last. Bastiaan W. HaakH-Index: 11
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Purpose of review null This review summarizes recent progress in our understanding of the role of the gut microbiota in sepsis pathogenesis and outlines the potential role of microbiota-targeted therapies. null Recent findings null The composition of the gut microbiome is profoundly distorted during sepsis, with a loss of commensal bacteria and an overgrowth of potential pathogenic micro-organisms. These alterations also extend to nonbacterial intestinal inhabitants. Disruptions of these intesti...
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PURPOSE OF REVIEW Gastric cancer remains one of the most common causes of death globally. Increasing evidence suggests that many gastric cancer cases can be prevented by eradicating its most important etiological agent, Helicobacter pylori. Using the search terms 'H. pylori' and 'gastric cancer' we reviewed the scientific literature regarding the association between H. pylori and gastric cancer published from 1 January 2020 to 30 May 2021. We review the most important articles relevant to the cl...
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