Annals of Epidemiology
Papers 5,011
1 page of 502 pages (5,011 results)
#1Jan M. Eberth (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 21
#2Michael R. Kramer (Emory University)H-Index: 43
Last. Russell S. Kirby (USF: University of South Florida)H-Index: 78
view all 4 authors...
Abstract null null At the heart of spatial epidemiology is the need to describe and understand variation in population health. In this review and introduction to the themed issue on “Spatial Analysis and GIS in Epidemiology,” we present theoretical foundations and methodological developments in spatial epidemiology, discuss spatial analytical techniques and their public health applications, and identify novel data sources and applications with the potential to make epidemiology more consequentia...
Abstract null null In 1925, the American Public Health Association Committee on Control of Cancer presented the results of its 1924-5 operations at the association's annual meeting. The Committee evaluated the issue of cancer surveillance, both active and passive, and concluded that the probity of the cancer incidence data, however useful it might be, was outweighed by the likely cost. The reasoning provided by the Committee suggests a sophisticated understanding of many aspects of cancer epidem...
#1D. Phuong Do (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)
#2Cheng Zheng (UNMC: University of Nebraska Medical Center)
ABSTRACT null null Purpose null Given that the relationships between higher BMI and adverse health outcomes are nonconstant and most pronounced at either ends of the BMI distribution, we assess the association between neighborhood poverty and BMI at multiple points along the BMI distribution. null null null Methods null Using data from the 1999 to 2015 Panel Study of Income Dynamics of Black and White adults in the United States, we estimate quantile regression models while jointly applying a ma...
#1Shalmali Bane (Stanford University)H-Index: 1
#2Suzan L. Carmichael (Stanford University)H-Index: 62
Last. Elizabeth Wall-Wieler (UM: University of Manitoba)H-Index: 9
view all 6 authors...
Abstract null null Complications during pregnancy and birth can impact whether an individual has more children. Our objective was to assess whether experiencing severe maternal morbidity (SMM) during first birth affected the probability of having another child. This study used linked vital records and maternal discharges from 1997 to 2012 for all California births, and SMM was identified using a Centers for Disease Control and Prevention index. Individuals whose first birth was a singleton live ...
#1Zachary Wilmer Reichenbach (TU: Temple University)H-Index: 9
#2Carolyn Hogan (TU: Temple University)
Last. Lee Peng (TU: Temple University)
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Abstract null null Outbreaks of Hepatitis A, caused by the Hepatitis A Virus (HAV), remain a worldwide health concern. We conducted a retrospective chart review to characterize patients with acute HAV during an outbreak at our urban tertiary care center to better characterize patients infected with HAV. We searched our electronic records for patients with positive HAV IgM antibodies during a period of outbreak in Philadelphia, May 2017-December 2019. Characteristics of patients were recorded. We...
#1Sehun Oh (OSU: Ohio State University)H-Index: 11
#2Christopher P. Salas-Wright (BC: Boston College)H-Index: 31
Last. Uwe K. Wernekinck (OSU: Ohio State University)
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Abstract null null Purpose null The present study aimed to examine the substance use prevention education involvement in different social settings among adolescents receiving public assistance—cash or food voucher—for low household income (heretofore, “PA program enrollees”) and preventive effects of each prevention educational setting on current substance use. null null null Methods null Using data from a nationally-representative sample of PA program enrollees from the 2002−2017 National Surve...
#1Alexander Testa (UTSA: University of Texas at San Antonio)H-Index: 11
#2Dylan B. Jackson (Johns Hopkins University)H-Index: 14
Last. Jason M. Nagata (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 24
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PURPOSE The current study investigates the association between maternal adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) and having an unwanted (i.e., a pregnancy that was undesired) or mistimed pregnancy (i.e., a pregnancy that occurred sooner than wanted). METHODS Data are from the 2018 North Dakota and South Dakota Pregnancy Risk Assessment Monitoring System (PRAMS) (N = 1897). Multinomial logistic regression analyses are used to assess the association between levels of ACE exposure and having an unwante...
#1Christina Lindan (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 26
#2Manisha Desai (Stanford University)H-Index: 50
Last. George W. Rutherford (UCSF: University of California, San Francisco)H-Index: 70
view all 17 authors...
Purpose null We describe the design of a longitudinal cohort study to determine SARS-CoV-2 incidence and prevalence among a population-based sample of adults living in six San Francisco Bay Area counties. null Methods null Using an address-based sample, we stratified households by county and by census-tract risk. Risk strata were determined by using regression models to predict infections by geographic area using census-level sociodemographic and health characteristics. We disproportionately sam...
#1Claudia Cabrera (AstraZeneca)H-Index: 8
Last. Jennifer K Quint (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 33
view all 6 authors...
Abstract null null Purpose null To evaluate the potential of a Cox marginal structural model (MSM) to estimate the time-varying causal inference of a known clinical trial association where the effectiveness of inhaled corticosteroid- (ICS-) versus non-ICS-containing treatments has been compared in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). null null null Methods null This retrospective study from 2006 to 2016 used linked data from Clinical Practice Research Datalink-GOLD, Hospit...
#1Kara M. Mannor (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)
#2Lorraine Halinka Malcoe (UWM: University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee)H-Index: 3
Given the persistence of racial health disparities, scholars have called for investigations into structural origins of health inequity and deeper engagement with theory. We systematically assessed uses of theory-including theory-informed conceptualizations of race and ethnicity, social structure, and racial hierarchy-in epidemiology and other quantitative population health literature on racial health disparities. We conducted a scoping review of systematically identified original research articl...
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