Papers 3877
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Uveal melanoma (UM) is the most common primary intraocular tumor in adults with high mortality. In order to improve prognosis and survival of UM patients, it is critical to inhibit tumor progression and metastasis as early as possible after the initial presentation/diagnosis of the disease. Sustained local delivery of antitumor therapeutics in the posterior region can potentially achieve long-term UM inhibition, improve target therapeutic delivery to the posterior segments, as well as reduce inj...
#2Shin Ichi AkanumaH-Index: 20
Last. Ken Ichi HosoyaH-Index: 61
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Amantadine, a drug used for the blockage of NMDA receptors, is well-known to exhibit neuroprotective effects. Accordingly, assessment of amantadine transport at retinal barriers could result in the application of amantadine for retinal diseases such as glaucoma. The objective of this study was to elucidate the retinal distribution of amantadine across the inner and outer blood–retinal barrier (BRB). In vivo blood-to-retina [3H]amantadine transport was investigated by using the rat retinal uptake...
Hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes (DMEs) markedly affect drug pharmacokinetics. Because liver diseases may alter enzymatic function and in turn drug handling and clinical efficacy, we investigated DMEs expression in dependence on liver pathology and liver failure state. In 5 liver pathologies (hepatitis C, alcoholic liver disease, autoimmune hepatitis, primary biliary cholangitis and primary sclerosing cholangitis) and for the first time stratified according to the Child–Pugh score, 10 CYPs (CYP...
#2Carla CaramellaH-Index: 57
Last. Silvia RossiH-Index: 38
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Tissue repair and regeneration is an interdisciplinary field focusing on developing bioactive substitutes aimed at restoring pristine functions of damaged, diseased tissues. Biomaterials, intended as those materials compatible with living tissues after in vivo administration, play a pivotal role in this area and they have been successfully studied and developed for several years. Namely, the researches focus on improving bio-inert biomaterials that well integrate in living tissues with no or min...
Outstanding progress has been achieved in developing therapeutic options for reasonably alleviating symptoms and prolonging the lifespan of patients suffering from myocardial infarction (MI). Current treatments, however, only partially address the functional recovery of post-infarcted myocardium, which is in fact the major goal for effective primary care. In this context, we largely investigated novel cell and TE tissue engineering therapeutic approaches for cardiac repair, particularly using mu...
Last. Zhaochu YangH-Index: 4
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Photodynamic therapy (PDT) is a minimally invasive therapeutic modality that has gained great attention in the past years as a new therapy for cancer treatment. PDT uses photosensitizers that, after being excited by light at a specific wavelength, react with the molecular oxygen to create reactive oxygen species in the target tissue, resulting in cell death. Compared to conventional therapeutic modalities, PDT presents greater selectivity against tumor cells, due to the use of photosensitizers t...
Therapies mobilizing host immunity against cancer cells have profoundly improved prognosis of cancer patients. However, efficacy of immunotherapies depends on local immune conditions. The “cold” tumor, which is characterized by lacking inflamed T cells, is insensitive to immunotherapy. Current strategies of improving the “cold” tumor microenvironment are far from satisfying. Nanoparticle-based therapies provide novel inspiration in firing up the tumor microenvironment. In this review, we present...
#1Helena RoucoH-Index: 1
Last. Mariana LandinH-Index: 25
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Lyophilization is often employed to transform nanoparticle suspensions to stable solid forms. This work proposed Neurofuzzy Logic (NFL) to better understand the lyophilization process of Nanostructured Lipid Carriers’ (NLCs) dispersions and the carbohydrate cryoprotectants’ (CPs) performance in these processes. NLCs were produced by hot homogenization, frozen at different speeds, and lyophilized using several CPs at variable concentrations. NLCs were characterized, and results were expressed as ...
#1Janine SuthiramH-Index: 2
#2Thomas EbenhanH-Index: 13
Last. Jan Rijn ZeevaartH-Index: 14
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Substance P (SP) is a small peptide commonly known as a preferential endogenous ligand for the transmembrane neurokinin-1 receptor. Nuclear Medicine procedures currently involve radiolabeled SP derivatives in peptide radioligand endotherapy of inoperable glioblastoma. Promising clinical results sparked the demand for facile production strategies for a functionalized 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-1,4,7,10-tetraacetic acid-[Thi8, Met(O2)11]-SP to allow for rapid Gallium-68 or Bismuth-213 complexa...
Taxifolin, also known as dihydroquercetin, possesses several interesting biological properties. The purpose of the study was to identify polymorphs of taxifolin prepared using crystallization in different solvents. Data from X-ray powder diffraction, differential scanning calorimetry, and thermogravimetry enabled us to detect six different crystalline phases for taxifolin. Besides the already known fully hydrated phase, one partially hydrated phase, one monohydrated phase, two anhydrous polymorp...
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In vivo
Drug delivery