Papers 32
1 page of 4 pages (32 results)
#1C. Heinicke (University of Bremen)
#2M. Arnhof (Advanced Concepts Team)
Abstract Many space agencies have recently agreed on the Moon as the next step in human space exploration, and impressive progress is being made with regard to transportation, particularly launch and lander technologies. Meanwhile, a number of simulation habitats have been built and occupied by volunteer crews in order to study the human factors involved with life on the Moon or on Mars. The number of habitats is ever increasing, and we believe it to be both necessary and helpful to provide an o...
#1Roxanne Fournier (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 1
#2Rene E. Harrison (U of T: University of Toronto)H-Index: 26
#1Irina M. LarinaH-Index: 15
#2L.Kh. PastushkovaH-Index: 1
Last. Oleg OrlovH-Index: 4
view all 5 authors...
Abstract Space flight is an aggregation of the most extreme conditions that can be faced by humans. At present, space crews live and work aboard orbital stations in low Earth's orbits; however, controlled missions to the Moon and Mars planned for the near future will necessitate an extended autonomous existence of crews in the outer space. Although humanity seeks to explore deep space, space flight factors still pose a serious barrier to long-range missions. It is widely known that spaceflight f...
#1Camilla Kienast (Humboldt University of Berlin)
#2Hanns-Christian Gunga (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 20
Last. Mathias Steinach (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 9
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Abstract Neuropeptide tyrosine (neuropeptide Y or NPY) is one of the most abundant neuropeptides in the mammalian central nervous system and also widely distributed in the peripheral nervous system. Among the many mediators involved in important physiological and psychological systems, NPY in particular appears to be a multisignaling key peptide. The biological actions of NPY are vast and mediated via the Y1, Y2, Y4, and Y5 receptors, which are involved in both essential physiological and pathop...
#1D. Blottner (Charité)H-Index: 1
#2Y. Huang (Charité)H-Index: 1
Last. L. Sun (Beihang University)H-Index: 1
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Abstract Purpose The fascia receives more and more attention as functional component of the body in fundamental and applied human life sciences on Earth. As shaping element of the human body movement apparatus the fascia comprises a multicellular three dimensional layer of connective tissue components (collagens, fibrocytes / -blasts, extracellular matrix), more specialized fibroblast-derived cells (fascia-, telocytes), contracting myofibroblasts, mechano- and propriosensors, and nociceptors. Fa...
4 CitationsSource
#1Rosario Astaburuaga (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 3
#2Alireza Basti (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 4
Last. Angela Relógio (Humboldt University of Berlin)H-Index: 15
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Abstract The circadian clock is an endogenous time-generating system accountable for the synchrony between the internal and the geophysical time. In recent years, chronobiology research has demonstrated that the circadian regulation of numerous molecular and cellular processes leads to a temporal control of physiology and behaviour. These findings alert to the negative impact on health caused by a disrupted internal timing. In this review we address the relation between atypical external factors...
3 CitationsSource
Last. Mathias SteinachH-Index: 9
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Abstract Purpose Muscle mass, sustained through buildup exceeding constant parallel breakdown, is mainly regulated through amino acid availability and mechanic stimulation and conveyed through the key mediator mTORC1. Sarcopenia, as age- and immobilization related loss of muscle mass, strength and function, may serve as an analog to muscle deconditioning in space travel. Optimal countermeasures to muscle deconditioning syndromes may be impacted by impaired anabolic response. This review assesses...
#1Maria Moreno-Villanueva (University of Konstanz)H-Index: 20
#2Honglu WuH-Index: 23
Last. Honglu WuH-Index: 12
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Abstract Defects in signaling networks that regulate cellular activities, such as growth and survival can lead to cancer development. Space environment affects signal molecules and genes involve in DNA damage response, cell proliferation, cell metabolism, and cytoskeleton signaling among others. Reduced gravity and exposure to harmful radiation are the main stress factors encountered in space. While a potential risk of tumor initiation has been extensively investigated for space-radiation, resea...
3 CitationsSource
#1David KornutaH-Index: 1
#2Angel Abbud-Madrid (Colorado School of Mines)H-Index: 9
Last. Guangdong Zhu (NREL: National Renewable Energy Laboratory)H-Index: 15
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Abstract Aside 2 from Earth, the inner solar system is like a vast desert where water and other volatiles are scarce. An old saying is, “In the desert, gold is useless and water is priceless.” While water is common on Earth, it is of very high value in space. Science missions to the Moon have provided direct evidence that regions near the lunar poles, which are permanently in shadow, contain substantial concentrations of water ice. On the lunar surface, water itself is critical for human consump...
28 CitationsSource
Top fields of study
Space exploration
Space (commercial competition)
International Space Station