Current Anesthesiology Reports
Papers 485
1 page of 49 pages (485 results)
#1Sushma Bhatnagar (All India Institute of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 23
#2A R Karthik (All India Institute of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 1
This review attempts to illustrate the importance of preoperative risk stratification and prehabilitation in improving post-surgical outcomes in developing countries. It analyzes the unique challenges faced in developing countries and measures required to improve outcomes with limited resources. Preoperative risk stratification has been found to utilize healthcare resources efficiently to those in need. Prehabilitation strategies positively influence baseline functional status of high-risk patie...
#1Chelsia Gillis (MUHC: McGill University Health Centre)H-Index: 17
#2Stuart M. Phillips (McMaster University)H-Index: 118
Prehabilitation prepares patients to withstand the rigors of surgery; however, there is little consensus on nutritional prehabilitative support for surgical patients. In this narrative review, we offer our perspectives on the role of protein in surgical prehabilitation. While the exact dietary protein requirements of pre-surgical patients are unknown, protein is an important piece of any nutritional care plan. Body protein, in particular skeletal muscle, is catabolized to support surgery-related...
Purpose of Review Population-based increases in ageing and medical co-morbidities are expected to substantially increase the incidence of expensive postoperative complications. This threatens the sustainability of essential surgical care, with negative impacts on patients' health and wellbeing. Recent Findings Identification of key high-risk areas, and implementation of proven cost-effective strategies to manage both outcome and cost across the end-to-end journey of the surgical episode of care,...
#1Priya Brahmbhatt (University of Toronto)H-Index: 2
#2Enrico Maria Minnella (McGill University)H-Index: 14
Last. Daniel Santa Mina (University of Toronto)H-Index: 17
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Combining interventions into a multimodal prehabilitation approach is recommended to maximize benefits due to synergistic and cumulative effects of modalities. The purpose of this review was to (i) highlight the rationale for multimodal prehabilitation, (ii) summarize related contemporary literature, and (iii) discuss emerging modalities that may be combined into a comprehensive, personalized prehabilitation program. Our systematic search of multimodal prehabilitation literature over the past 5 ...
#1D. Santa Mina (University of Toronto)H-Index: 5
#2Scott C. Adams (University of Toronto)H-Index: 11
Last. Celena Scheede-Bergdahl (McGill University)H-Index: 22
view all 6 authors...
This review aims to provide clinicians that work in the surgical realm with relevant exercise principles and related research as they consider incorporating prehabilitation into care plans. Exercise is a core component of preoperative health optimization strategies referred to as prehabilitation. The exercise component of prehabilitation aims to improve systemic and loco-regional fitness to increase surgical tolerance and facilitate recovery. Studies demonstrate that greater presurgical physical...
#1Amanda Tsan Yue Siu (Peter MacCallum Cancer Centre)
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Purpose of Review: This review aims to provide an overview of the current evidence for prehabilitation in frail, older surgical patients and to provide a pragmatic approach for implementation into routine perioperative care. Recent Findings: There is increasing evidence for the use of prehabilitation strategies to improve postoperative outcomes. However, there is heterogeneity in the components of prehabilitation programs studied. Furthermore, they have not been robustly examined in a frail olde...
#1Shobana Rajan (UTHSCSA: The University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio)
#2Maria E. Bustillo (CU: Cornell University)H-Index: 3
Last. W. Andrew Kofke (University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 29
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Purpose of review null This review illustrates the evolution and progress with standardization of fellowship education in neuroanesthesiology. It provides a structured discussion around the need for curricula and framework which individual training programs in neuroanesthesiology can use to meet defined educational standards thus meeting criteria for accreditation. null Recent findings null Neuroanesthesiology training has traditionally been heterogenous around the world but international effort...
#1Pranav Gupta (USB: University Hospital of Basel)
#2Luzius A. Steiner (USB: University Hospital of Basel)H-Index: 47
This review discusses applications of transcranial Doppler (TCD) in cardiac surgery, its efficacy in preventing adverse events such as postoperative cognitive decline and stroke, and its impact on clinical outcomes in these patients. TCD alone and in combination with other neuromonitoring modalities has attracted attention as a potential monitoring tool in cardiac surgery patients. TCD allows not only the detection of microemboli and measurement of cerebral blood flow velocity in cerebral arteri...
#1Lauren Lobaugh (BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)
#2Bukola Ojo (UW: University of Washington)
Last. Katherine Taylor (University of Toronto)H-Index: 12
view all 12 authors...
From 2018 to 2019, several international pediatric anesthesia societies challenged the current fasting guidelines, moving to decrease the fasting increment for clear liquids to 1 hour (h). Both the American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) and the Society for Pediatric Anesthesia (SPA) have hesitated to change, citing insufficient support. We sought to better understand the evidence related to fasting in children. We reviewed the literature from the past 5 years and conducted an informal surve...
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