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#1Joon Mahn Lee (University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 6
#2Rahul Kapoor (University of Pennsylvania)H-Index: 15
Understanding how classical jurists thought about time is essential for us to fully understand the nature of legal demands, responsibility, and choice in the Islamic legal tradition. Despite its importance, the idea of time in Islamic legal thought remains largely unexplored, although there has been some interest in the concept of time in Islamic philosophy and philosophical theology. The Islamic legal tradition is profoundly concerned with time and advanced its own set of reflections on time. I...
#1Sara Alexandra da Eira Serra (Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave)H-Index: 2
#2Kátia Matos Lemos (Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave)H-Index: 1
Last. Maria Sofia Matins (Polytechnic Institute of Cávado and Ave)
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Purpose: This article aims to analyze the influence of certain characteristics of the board of directors and the auditor on the disclosure of derivative financial instruments. Theoretical framework: Operations with derivative instruments are associated with high risks, so the disclosure of these operations and their results helps to reduce information asymmetries. On the other hand, acccording to agency theory, the characteristics of the board of directors and of the auditor can affect the quali...
#1Wilert Puriwat (CU: Chulalongkorn University)H-Index: 6
#2Suchart Tripopsakul (BU: Bangkok University)H-Index: 6
Purpose: Organizations across the world consider social responsibility to be one of their most important strategic obligations. In the digital era like nowadays, firms have transformed social responsibility programs into digital platforms - digital social responsibility (DSR). The purpose of this study is to see how DSR affects online word of mouth (Online WOM) and purchasing intent (PI) in the setting of social media. Methodology: Data were collected via an online survey among a sample of 157 s...
#1Yan Fu (City University of Hong Kong)
#2Juan Feng (City University of Hong Kong)H-Index: 14
Last. Qiang Ye (HIT: Harbin Institute of Technology)H-Index: 26
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Freelancers in online labor markets often display many skills in their profiles to increase their chances of participating in multiple jobs. However, such behavior may lead their displayed skills to straddle multiple categories, that is, skill spanning. In this paper, we extend the concept of category spanning into online labor markets and empirically examine (a) how freelancers’ skill spanning affects employers’ hiring decisions for two different types of jobs (routine and non-routine jobs), re...
#1Felix B. Chang (UC: University of Cincinnati)H-Index: 3
This Essay argues that trusts and estates (“T&E”) should prioritize intergenerational economic mobility—the ability of children to move beyond the economic station of their parents—above all other goals. The field’s traditional emphasis on testamentary freedom fosters the stickiness of inequality. For wealthy settlors, dynasty trusts sequester assets from the nation’s system of taxation and stream of commerce. For low-income decedents, intestacy splinters property rights and inhibits their trans...
In this chapter we provide an overview of the phenomenon of cross-border posting of workers in the EU and the rules which govern it. We explain the economic and social tensions which drive posting, and which justify its restriction, and how these have led to case law and legislation, and the scholarly response to this law. We examine the core principles of the legislation, in particular concerning terms of employment and social security, and its gaps and weaknesses, and the opportunities for abu...
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The paper studies the applications of multi-agent systems and sensors in healthcare. It goes through the current advancements in the field by introducing the literature and discussing applications using the technology in healthcare. The paper proposes a multi-agent system in a healthcare environment. It then conclude by discussing the merits and limitations of the technologies involved in the domain and their future scope.
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#1Duncan Matthews (QMUL: Queen Mary University of London)H-Index: 8
While detailed debates are underway about the scientific and ethical implications of genome editing, this paper argues that greater attention should be paid to the patent policy issues that these technologies raise. The paper argues that WTO Members need to consider urgently the implications of patenting genome editing inventions for human rights and the public interest, taking into account Article 27.2 of the TRIPS Agreement, which provides that Members may exclude from patentability inventions...
#1Nick Cowen (University of Lincoln)H-Index: 3
Liberal egalitarians argue that the state is justified in taxing members of a political community to achieve distributive justice and ensure political equality and regime stability. This involves an uneasy compromise between equality and efficiency, a compromise that many argue has recently been undermined by the growth of unchecked wealth and income inequality. This paper argues that there also exists a trade-off between selecting fair processes for taxation and aiming for particular distributi...
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