BMJ Open Respiratory Research
Papers
416
Papers 592
1 page of 60 pages (592 results)
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#1Charlie McLeodH-Index: 6
#2Richard Norman (Curtin University)H-Index: 25
Last. Yue Wu (USYD: University of Sydney)H-Index: 60
view all 16 authors...
Background null A standardised framework for selecting outcomes for evaluation in trials has been proposed by the Core Outcome Measures in Effectiveness Trials working group. However, this method does not specify how to ensure that the outcomes that are selected are causally related to the disease and the health intervention being studied. Causal network diagrams may help researchers identify outcomes that are both clinically meaningful and likely to be causally dependent on the intervention, an...
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#1Hanaa ShafiekH-Index: 6
#2Javier VerdúH-Index: 1
Last. Borja G. CosíoH-Index: 37
view all 10 authors...
INTRODUCTION Patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) with frequent exacerbations (ExCOPD) are commonly treated with inhaled corticosteroids (ICS) and are at risk of infections caused by potential pathogenic bacteria (PPB) including Pseudomonas aeruginosa (PsA). OBJECTIVES To investigate the association between the use of ICS and PsA infection among ExCOPD. METHODS Case-control study with longitudinal follow-up that recruited ExCOPD after a hospitalisation due to exacerbation b...
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#1Angelita Cabrera (University of Barcelona)
#2César Picado (University of Barcelona)H-Index: 63
Last. Luis Garcia-Marcos (University of Murcia)H-Index: 36
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Background null In 2003, the International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC) estimated the prevalence of asthma, rhinitis and eczema symptoms in Quito, Ecuador. Since then, no update of this study has been done in the last years. This study examined changes in the prevalence of asthma–rhinitis–eczema symptoms over a 16 years period in Quito and explored possible risk factors. null Methods null We conducted a comparative cross-sectional study in an adolescent population following...
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#1Rebecca Nightingale (University of Liverpool)
#2Joseph M. Lewis (University of Liverpool)H-Index: 11
Last. Thomas Blanchard (University of Liverpool)
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Background null NHS England recommends non-invasive continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) as a possible treatment for type 1 respiratory failure associated with COVID-19 pneumonitis, either to avoid intubation or as a ceiling of care. However, data assessing this strategy are sparse, especially for the use of CPAP as a ceiling of care, and particularly when delivered outside of a traditional critical care environment. We describe a cohort of patients from Liverpool, UK, who received CPAP on...
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#1Reena M Bhatt (UCL: University College London)
#2Howard Clark (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 31
Last. Stefano BusaniH-Index: 15
view all 4 authors...
Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) related to SARS-CoV-2 infection has some unusual characteristics that differentiate it from the pathophysiology described in the more 'typical' ARDS. Among multiple hypotheses, a close similarity has been suggested between COVID-19 ARDS and neonatal respiratory distress syndrome (RDS). With this opinion paper, we investigated the pathophysiological similarities between infant respiratory diseases (RDS and direct neonatal ARDS (NARDS)) and COVID-19 in ad...
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#1Suneela ZaighamH-Index: 3
Last. Gunnar EngströmH-Index: 84
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Background null Many of those who suffer from a first acute coronary event (CE) die suddenly during the day of the event, most of them die outside hospital. Poor lung function is a strong predictor of future cardiac events; however, it is unknown whether the pattern of lung function impairment differs for the prediction of sudden cardiac death (SCD) versus non-fatal CEs. We examined measures of lung function in relation to future SCD and non-fatal CE in a population-based study. null Methods nul...
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#1Entela KocoH-Index: 1
#2Eleni SoilemeziH-Index: 4
Last. Dimitrios MatamisH-Index: 13
view all 7 authors...
Transdiaphragmatic (Pdi) and oesophageal pressures (Pes) are useful in understanding the pathophysiology of the respiratory system. They provide insight into respiratory drive, intrinsic positive end-expiratory pressure, diaphragmatic fatigue and weaning failure. BACKGROUND The use of Pdi and Pes in clinical practice is restricted due to the invasiveness of the technique and the cumbersome equipment needed. On the other hand, diaphragmatic displacement is non-invasively and easily assessed with ...
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#1Stephanie Everaerts (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 7
#2Arne Heyns (Katholieke Universiteit Leuven)H-Index: 1
Last. Wim JanssensH-Index: 36
view all 9 authors...
Many patients struggle with ongoing symptoms in different domains (physical, mental, cognitive) after hospitalisation for COVID-19, calling out for a multidisciplinary approach. An outpatient multidisciplinary rehabilitation programme, according to a respiratory rehabilitation strategy, was set up for adult patients who were able to attend group sessions during 12 weeks. Results of 22 adult patients with COVID-19, of which 15 had required intensive care, were analysed and some general impression...
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#3Venturini C (ICH: UCL Institute of Child Health)
Background null SARS-CoV-2 lineage B.1.1.7 has been associated with an increased rate of transmission and disease severity among subjects testing positive in the community. Its impact on hospitalised patients is less well documented. null Methods null We collected viral sequences and clinical data of patients admitted with SARS-CoV-2 and hospital-onset COVID-19 infections (HOCIs), sampled 16 November 2020 to 10 January 2021, from eight hospitals participating in the COG-UK-HOCI study. Associatio...
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#1Periklis KatopodisH-Index: 5
#2Vladimir AnikinH-Index: 9
Last. Emmanouil KarterisH-Index: 25
view all 8 authors...
Introduction null The type of lung cancer surgery impacts on tumour manipulation during surgery and may drive dissemination of cancer cells into the vasculature, thus facilitating metastatic spread. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of surgically induced trauma using peripheral blood from preoperative and postoperative patients with non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) undergoing thoracotomy or video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) resection. null Methods null Imaging flow ...
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