Anatomical Record-advances in Integrative Anatomy and Evolutionary Biology
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#1Camilo López-Aguirre (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 5
#2Laura A. B. Wilson (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 19
Last. Suzanne J. Hand (UNSW: University of New South Wales)H-Index: 26
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Bats use their forelimbs in different ways, but flight is the most notable example of morphological adaptation. Foraging and roosting specializations beyond flight have also been described in several bat lineages. Understanding postcranial evolution during the locomotory and foraging diversification of bats is fundamental to understanding bat evolution. We investigated whether different foraging and roosting behaviors influenced humeral cross-sectional shape and biomechanical variation, followin...
2 CitationsSource
#1Anke Vater (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 1
#2Elisabeth Zandt (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)
Last. Johann Maierl (LMU: Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich)H-Index: 11
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The gastric anatomy of the alpaca (Vicugna pacos) is adapted to the physiological process of ruminating and the degradation of plant cell wall contents to a great extent. Most alpaca husbandries consist of only few animals and with the still increasing number of alpacas worldwide the number of persons who are responsible for these animals is increasing as well. Despite this, little research has been done with regard to the clinical anatomy of the stomach of alpacas. Six animals were used for dis...
Aerosol dosimetry estimates for mouse strains used as models for human disease are not available, primarily because of the lack of tracheobronchial airway morphometry data. By using micro-CT scans of in-situ prepared lung casts, tracheobronchial airway morphometry for four strains of mice were obtained: Balb/c; AJ; C57BL/6; and Apoe-/- . The automated tracheobronchial airway morphometry algorithms for airway length and diameter were successfully verified against previously published manual and a...
#1Alireza Torfeh (IAU: Islamic Azad University)
#2Zohreh Abdolmaleki (IAU: Islamic Azad University)H-Index: 5
Last. Seyed Hamed Shirazi Beheshtiha (IAU: Islamic Azad University)H-Index: 1
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The present study investigates the neuroprotective effects of modafinil-coated nanoparticle in rats' hippocampal CA1 region. Male Wistar rats (n = 48) were randomly divided into four groups. Then middle cerebral artery occlusion (MCAO) was performed by inserting a silicone coat filament in the right internal carotid artery via the external carotid artery until it reached the anterior cerebral artery. Modafinil (100 mg/kg) or modafinil-coated nanoparticle (100 mg/kg) was given to the rats as an o...
#1Olivia A. M. Smith (Hull York Medical School)
#1Olivia A. M. Smith (Hull York Medical School)
Last. Paul O'Higgins (Ebor: University of York)H-Index: 52
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BACKGROUND The range of normal variation of growth and development of the craniofacial region is of direct clinical interest but incompletely understood. Here we develop a statistical model of craniofacial growth and development to compare craniofacial ontogeny between age groups and sexes and pilot an approach to modeling that is relatively straightforward to apply in the context of clinical research and assessment. METHODS The sample comprises head surface meshes captured using a 3dMD five-cam...
#1Susan E. Lad (ND: University of Notre Dame)H-Index: 4
#2Rebecca J. Anderson (ND: University of Notre Dame)
Last. Matthew J. Ravosa (ND: University of Notre Dame)H-Index: 50
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Mammalian feeding behaviors are altered when mechanically challenging (e.g., tough, stiff) foods require large bite forces or prolonged mastication. Bony responses to high bite forces are well-documented for the mammalian skull, but osteogenesis due to cyclical loading, caused by repetitive chewing, is more poorly understood. Previous studies demonstrate that cyclical loading results in greater bone formation in the rabbit masticatory apparatus and in substantial Haversian remodeling in primate ...
1 CitationsSource
The density, or specific gravity (SG), of organisms has numerous important implications for their form, function, ecology, and other facets of beings living and dead, and it is especially necessary to apply SG values that are as accurate as practical when estimating their masses which is itself a critical aspect of living things. Yet a comprehensive review and analysis of this notable subject of anatomy has never been conducted and published. This is such an effort, being as extensive as possibl...
#1Omnia S. Erfan (Mansoura University)H-Index: 1
#2Hany M. A. Sonpol (Mansoura University)H-Index: 1
Last. Marwa Abd El-Kader (Mansoura University)H-Index: 1
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Acrylamide (ACRL) was demonstrated to induce hepatotoxicity and programmed cell death (PCD). Rapamycin (RAPA) induced autophagy had been reported to limit the progression of hepatocellular injury in experimental models. This research was designed to study two death pathways involved in ACRL induced hepatotoxicity and the modulating effect of RAPA on the resulting hepatic injury. Thirty-six adult male rats were divided into three groups: control group, ACRL treated group (20 mg/kg/day), and the l...
#1Jason A. Horton (State University of New York Upstate Medical University)H-Index: 16
#2David R. Hootnick (State University of New York Upstate Medical University)H-Index: 3
Last. David R. Hootnick (State University of New York Upstate Medical University)H-Index: 16
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Anteromedial bowing and shortening of the tibia are intrinsic features of limbs with congenital fibular deficiency (CFD). Tibial bowing occurs more frequently when the fibula is radiographically absent rather than deficient. The bowing has been attributed to rapid longitudinal growth of the tibial anlage coupled with anteromedial tibial bending moments of the posterior crural and lateral peroneal musculature unopposed in the absence of a fibular strut. Eccentric mechanical loading results in asy...
#1Adam Hartstone-Rose (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 18
#2Edwin Dickinson (NCSU: North Carolina State University)H-Index: 5
Last. Gabrielle A Hirschkorn (NCSU: North Carolina State University)
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Carnivorans represent extreme ecomorphological diversity, encompassing remarkable variation in form, habitat, and diet. The relationship between the masticatory musculature and dietary ecology has been explored in a number of carnivoran lineages, including felids and the superfamily Musteloidea. In this study, we present novel architectural data on two additional carnivoran families - Ursidae and Canidae - and supplement these previous studies with additional felid, musteloid, herpestid, hyaenid...
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