Economics and Human Biology
Papers 995
1 page of 100 pages (995 results)
#1Chuhui Li (Monash University)
#2Wenli Cheng (Monash University)
Last. Hui Shi (VU: Victoria University, Australia)
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Abstract null null We use the recursive bivariate probit (RBVP) model to estimate the effects of early marriage on the utilisation of maternal health services in five sub-Saharan countries: Burkina Faso, Guinea, Mali, Niger and Chad. Based on recent Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS), we find that a woman who married before age 15 was 17 percentage points less likely to use prenatal services; and marrying before age 16 reduced that likelihood by 9.6 percentage points. We have not found any sta...
#1Elena Castellari (UCSC: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart)H-Index: 6
#2Giulia Tiboldo (UCSC: Catholic University of the Sacred Heart)H-Index: 1
Last. Francesco Bimbo (University of Foggia)H-Index: 6
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Abstract null null The current work investigates the heterogeneous effect of the 2008 recession on health outcomes in the Italian population across the main geographic areas. Health outcomes were proxied by individual-level information on healthy/risky behaviors, such as individual fruit and vegetable consumption, frequency of bodyweight monitoring, smoking, and alcohol intake. These health outcomes were employed as dependent variables in the empirical model that included some socioeconomic indi...
#1Paolo Nicola Barbieri (University of Gothenburg)H-Index: 2
#2Hieu M. Nguyen (Illinois Wesleyan University)
Abstract null null This study seeks to understand US immigrants’ health-related behaviors and outcomes across arrival cohorts. We simultaneously examine risky consumption choices (smoking and drinking) and physical health conditions (asthma, diabetes, vision problems, and coronary heart diseases) using data from the National Health Interview Surveys (1989–2018). We incorporate cohort fixed-effects and the interactions between cohort effects and years since immigration into our empirical framewor...
#1Vellore Arthi (UCI: University of California, Irvine)H-Index: 6
#2Eric B. Schneider (LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science)H-Index: 8
Abstract null null Evidence on the post-weaning benefits of early-life breastfeeding is mixed, and highly context-dependent. Moreover, this evidence is drawn almost exclusively from modern settings, limiting our understanding of the relationship between breastfeeding and subsequent health in the past. We provide novel evidence on the nature and reach of these post-weaning benefits in a historical setting, drawing on a rich new longitudinal dataset covering nearly 1,000 children from the Foundlin...
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#1Yanan Li (BNU: Beijing Normal University)
#2Naveen Sunder (Bentley University)H-Index: 3
In this paper we study the long run effects of the 1959-61 Chinese Famine on mental health outcomes. We focus on cohorts that were born during the famine and examine their mental health as adults, when they are roughly 55 years of age. We find that early-life exposure to this famine leads to a large statistically significant negative impact on women's mental health, while there is limited effect on men. This gender differential effect is observed because male fetuses experience a stronger natura...
Abstract null null We studied whether in utero exposure to economic hardship during a grandmother’s pregnancy has a transgenerational effect on her grandchildren's health condition. We used an individual-level three-generation data set covering people born between 1734 and 1840 in the municipality of Rendalen in Norway. We found a culling effect in which grandchildren whose grandmothers gave birth in years of economic hardship lived approximately ten years longer than grandchildren whose mothers...
Abstract null null Early-life environments into which newborn babies are born play principal roles in their development. This study explores inequalities in infant mortality that are rooted in household and parental socio-economic backgrounds in five South-Asian countries: Afghanistan, Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Pakistan. Considering multidimensional aspects of socio-demographic and socio-economic status, this study explores disparities in the trajectory of survival rates across infants with d...
#1Alexander Turner (University of Manchester)H-Index: 8
#2Eleonora Fichera (Centre for Development Studies)H-Index: 10
Last. Matt Sutton (University of Manchester)H-Index: 50
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Abstract null null Studies examining the later-life health consequences of in-utero exposure to influenza have typically estimated effects on physical health conditions, with little evidence of effects on mental health outcomes or mortality. Previous studies have also relied primarily on reduced-form estimates of the effects of exposure to influenza pandemics, meaning they are unlikely to recover effects of influenza exposure at an individual-level. This paper uses inverse probability of treatme...
#1Yuejun Zhao (University of Gothenburg)
#2Brett Inder (Monash University)H-Index: 19
Last. Jun Sung Kim (Kyung Hee University)H-Index: 2
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Abstract null null This study provides novel insights into older adults’ cognitive functioning before and after widowhood onset and possible effect channels. It further examines gender heterogeneity in the adaptation to (anticipated or actual) spousal bereavement, comparing objective evidence with subjective evidence of cognitive abilities. We used longitudinal data of up to 26,584 participants of the Health and Retirement Study, aged over 50 at recruitment, assessed biennially between 1998 and ...
#2Jacob Ladenburg (DTU: Technical University of Denmark)
Last. Christophe KolodziejczykH-Index: 7
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We investigate whether accommodating job attributes influence the probability of returning to work three years after a cancer diagnosis. Using a combination of Danish administrative data and a survey carried out among Danish breast, colon, and melanoma skin cancer survivors, we find that the probability of returning to work is significantly and positively correlated with a flexible work schedule during and after cancer treatment. The result is robust when controlling for pre-cancer work experien...
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