Trends in Cognitive Sciences
Papers 3,104
1 page of 311 pages (3,104 results)
#1Martin J. Dahl (USC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 2
#2Mara Mather (USC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 68
Last. Markus Werkle-Bergner (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 29
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During moments involving selective attention, the thalamus orchestrates the preferential processing of prioritized information by coordinating rhythmic neural activity within a distributed frontoparietal network. The timed release of neuromodulators from subcortical structures dynamically sculpts neural synchronization in thalamocortical networks to meet current attentional demands. In particular, noradrenaline modulates the balance of cortical excitation and inhibition, as reflected by thalamoc...
#1Iris I. A. Groen (UvA: University of Amsterdam)H-Index: 14
#2Tessa M. Dekker (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 9
Last. Edward H Silson (University of Edinburgh)H-Index: 11
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For more than 100 years we have known that the visual field is mapped onto the surface of visual cortex, imposing an inherently spatial reference frame on visual information processing. Recent studies highlight visuospatial coding not only throughout visual cortex, but also brain areas not typically considered visual. Such widespread access to visuospatial coding raises important questions about its role in wider cognitive functioning. Here, we synthesise these recent developments and propose th...
#1Angelo Pirrone (LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science)H-Index: 5
#2Andreagiovanni Reina (ULB: Université Libre de Bruxelles)H-Index: 15
Last. Fernand Gobet (LSE: London School of Economics and Political Science)H-Index: 61
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Magnitude-sensitivity refers to the result that performance in decision-making, across domains and organisms, is affected by the total value of the possible alternatives. This simple result offers a window into fundamental issues in decision-making and has led to a reconsideration of ecological decision-making, prominent computational models of decision-making, and optimal decision-making. Moreover, magnitude-sensitivity has inspired the design of new robotic systems that exploit natural solutio...
#1Corey Cusimano (Princeton University)H-Index: 6
#2Tania Lombrozo (Princeton University)H-Index: 27
Scientific reasoning is characterized by commitments to evidence and objectivity. New research suggests that under some conditions, people are prone to reject these commitments, and instead sanction motivated reasoning and bias. Moreover, people's tendency to devalue scientific reasoning likely explains the emergence and persistence of many biased beliefs. However, recent work in epistemology has identified ways in which bias might be legitimately incorporated into belief formation. Researchers ...
#1Lauren Y. Atlas (NIDA: National Institute on Drug Abuse)H-Index: 24
Pain is a fundamental experience that promotes survival. In humans, pain stands at the intersection of multiple health crises: chronic pain, the opioid epidemic, and health disparities. The study of placebo analgesia highlights how social, cognitive, and affective processes can directly shape pain, and identifies potential paths for mitigating these crises. This review examines recent progress in the study of placebo analgesia through affective science. It focuses on how placebo effects are shap...
#1Angelina R. Sutin (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 65
#2Martina Luchetti (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 18
Last. Antonio Terracciano (FSU: Florida State University)H-Index: 77
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Individuals with a greater sense of purpose maintain better cognitive function and have lower dementia risk. We review evidence linking purpose in life to healthier cognitive aging across adulthood and diverse demographic groups. Experimental work is now needed to test causal mechanisms to evaluate the utility of purpose as an intervention target.
#1B. Keith Payne (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 47
#2Jason W. Hannay (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 3
Implicit bias refers to automatically evoked mental associations about social groups. The idea has been influential across the social sciences as a way to explain persistent racial disparities amid changing self-report attitudes. Most research has treated implicit bias as an individual attitude. However, evidence suggests that it is neither a stable individual difference nor a strong correlate of individual behavior. Moreover, the individual-focused approach can lead researchers to neglect syste...
#1Rose De Kock (UCD: University of California, Davis)H-Index: 2
#2Keri Anne Gladhill (George Mason University)H-Index: 2
Last. Martin Wiener (George Mason University)H-Index: 22
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In order to keep up with a changing environment, mobile organisms must be capable of deciding both where and when to move. This precision necessitates a strong sense of time, as otherwise we would fail in many of our movement goals. Yet, despite this intrinsic link, only recently have researchers begun to understand how these two features interact. Primarily, two effects have been observed: movements can bias time estimates, but they can also make them more precise. Here we review this literatur...
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