Addictive Behaviors
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#1Rachel McKenzie (SC: University of Southern California)
#2Barry SchwartzH-Index: 40
Last. John Monterosso (SC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 50
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Abstract Although there is speculation that medicalization of addiction undermines conceived agency, only relatively modest effects have been reported. Research participants generally have ideas about addiction that are informed both by personal experience and by media, and their views may not be wholly updated in response to study-information. Here we examine the potential impact of addiction science theories on perceived volition and responsibility by considering the issues in the context of a...
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#1Sooyong KimH-Index: 2
#2Arielle S. SelyaH-Index: 13
Last. Robin J. MermelsteinH-Index: 61
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Abstract Introduction Maternal smoking is a well-known risk factor for youth smoking, yet whether this relationship is causal remains unresolved. This study utilizes propensity score methods for causal inference to robustly account for shared risk factors between maternal and offspring smoking. Methods An 8-year longitudinal cohort of 900 adolescents in the Chicago area were followed starting from approximately age 15.6. The effects of maternal lifetime smoking (MLS) and prenatal tobacco exposur...
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#1Natania A. CraneH-Index: 17
Last. Robin J. MermelsteinH-Index: 61
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Abstract Introduction Alcohol, nicotine, and marijuana are the three most widely used substances among adolescents and young adults, with co-use of multiple substances being common. Few longitudinal studies have examined risk factors of alcohol, marijuana, and nicotine poly-substance use. We examined frequency of alcohol, marijuana, and cigarette poly-substance use over time and how key risk factors contribute to this substance use during adolescence and young adulthood. Methods Participants (N=...
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#1Robert D. AshfordH-Index: 10
#2Austin McNeill Brown (SU: Syracuse University)
Last. Brandon G. BergmanH-Index: 16
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Abstract Background While clinical interventions used to support the recovery process of U.S. adults are well understood, community-based solutions such as peer-based recovery support services delivered by a recovery community organization are not. Methods Previously collected administrative data of 3,459 participants at 20 recovery community organizations in the U.S. were analyzed using a paired samples t-test to examine intake and current recovery capital differences, and multiple linear regre...
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#1Claire E. Cusack (TU: Towson University)
#2Caroline Christian (University of Louisville)H-Index: 7
Last. Cheri A. Levinson (University of Louisville)H-Index: 23
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Abstract Eating disorders and alcohol misuse are common problems among college women. Individually, both have high prevalence rates and are associated with a significant economic burden. Yet eating disorders and alcohol misuse also frequently present simultaneously, which may increase symptom severity and related impairment. These associations are especially important to test in sexual minority populations, as symptoms may present differently, and the prevalence and personal cost of these disord...
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#1Mustafa al'Absi (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 50
#2Briana DeAngelis (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 2
Last. Sharon S Allen (UMN: University of Minnesota)H-Index: 30
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Abstract There is evidence suggesting that ghrelin and peptide YY (PYY) modulate the stress response and the rewarding effects of drugs, although no research has examined the impact of exposure to early life stress on these hormones in smokers nor during smoking cessation. This study examined the relationships between early life adversity (ELA) and circulating ghrelin and PYY during ad libitum smoking and early withdrawal in tobacco smokers (N = 98) who were interested in cessation. We also incl...
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#1Heather Wardle (Glas.: University of Glasgow)H-Index: 22
#2Craig Donnachie (Glas.: University of Glasgow)H-Index: 5
Last. Kate Hunt (University of Stirling)H-Index: 81
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Abstract Background In Britain, unprecedented restrictions on daily life associated with the Covid-19 pandemic included the suspension of professional sports events during the initial ‘lockdown’. This provides opportunities to observe changes in sports bettors’ behaviour when their primary form of activity is removed and assess the impact of Covid-19 related circumstances upon gambling. Methods In July 2020, we conducted an online cross-sectional survey of people who bet regularly (at least mont...
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#1Jennifer K. Felner (SDSU: San Diego State University)H-Index: 6
#2Sean J. Haley (CUNY: City University of New York)H-Index: 7
Last. Heather L. Corliss (SDSU: San Diego State University)H-Index: 41
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Abstract This study examined sexual orientation and gender identity differences in co-occurring depressive symptoms and substance use disorders (SUDs) among young adults in the Growing Up Today Study national cohort (n=12,347; ages 20-35; 93% non-Hispanic white). Self-administered questionnaires assessed recent co-occurring depressive symptoms and probable nicotine dependence, alcohol use disorder, and drug use disorder. Multinomial logistic regressions with generalized estimating equations quan...
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#1Danilo Carrozzino (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 11
#1Danilo Carrozzino (UNIBO: University of Bologna)H-Index: 6
Last. Fiammetta Cosci (UM: Maastricht University)H-Index: 22
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Abstract A number of rating scales evaluating symptoms of nicotine withdrawal have been developed over the years but insufficient attention has been devoted to the assessment of their clinimetric properties. Clinimetrics, the science of clinical measurements, is an innovative approach, particularly useful for assessing the validity of rating scales. This is the first study using clinimetric principles to test the construct validity of the Smoker Complaint Scale (SCS), a self-rating scale specifi...
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#1Matthis MorgensternH-Index: 20
#2Emeka W. Dumbili (Brunel University London)H-Index: 9
Last. Reiner HanewinkelH-Index: 27
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Abstract There is evidence that alcohol warning labels (AWL) can have preventive effects on alcohol-related cognitions and behavior, but it is less clear how children and adolescents react to AWL. A total of 9,260 German students aged 10-17 participated in a three-factorial experiment, embedded in a health survey. The first experimental factor was the position of the AWL on the questionnaire (before vs. after alcohol items). The second factor was the type of AWL (text only vs. text plus picture)...
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