Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry
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#1Mary L. Woody (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 11
#2Aleksandra Kaurin (Witten/Herdecke University)H-Index: 4
Last. Jennifer S. Silk (University of Pittsburgh)H-Index: 52
view all 5 authors...
BACKGROUND Symptoms of social anxiety rise rapidly during adolescence, particularly for girls. Pervasive displays of parental negative affect may increase adolescents' fear of negative evaluation (FNE), thereby increasing risk for social anxiety symptoms. Adolescent displays of negative affect may also exacerbate parents' social anxiety symptoms (via FNE of their child or their parenting skills), yet little research has tested transactional pathways of transmission in families. By early adolesce...
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#1Albertine J. Oldehinkel (UMCG: University Medical Center Groningen)H-Index: 83
Empirical science is a fact-finding enterprise. This raises the question when we know enough about a particular topic to draw firm conclusions and can stop searching for additional evidence in order to save efforts for issues that are less well-established. Clarity on when scientific evidence has passed the stage of to-be-tested hypotheses is important, and setting up criteria for such stopping rules is a necessary as well as thought-provoking challenge. Not only over-investigating phenomena is ...
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#1Sandra Gómez-Vallejo (University of Barcelona)
#2Marguerite Leoni ('KCL': King's College London)
Last. Patrick Bolton ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 86
view all 6 authors...
BACKGROUND Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder with a strong genetic basis. Recent studies have suggested that its aetiology is also influenced by environmental factors. Some of the most examined environmental factors are obstetric complications. However, the results are inconsistent. METHODS We aimed to explore the association between obstetric complications and autism in a population-based twin sample using the Obstetric Enquiry Scale (OES), a scale that measures th...
1 CitationsSource
#1Andrea Reupert (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 28
#2Penny Bee (University of Manchester)H-Index: 28
Last. Melinda Goodyear (Monash University)H-Index: 17
view all 24 authors...
Children whose parents have mental illnesses are among the most vulnerable in our communities. There is however, much that can be done to prevent or mitigate the impact of a parent's illness on children. Notwithstanding the availability of several evidence-based interventions, efforts to support these children have been limited by a lack of adequate support structures. Major service reorientation is required to better meet the needs of these children and their families. This editorial provides r...
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#1Robin F. Chan (VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)H-Index: 12
#2William E. Copeland (University of Vermont Medical Center)H-Index: 52
Last. Edwin J.C.G. van den Oord (VCU: Virginia Commonwealth University)H-Index: 47
view all 7 authors...
BACKGROUND Women are 1.5-3 times more likely to suffer from depression than men. This sex bias first emerges during puberty and then persists across the reproductive years. As the cause remains largely elusive, we performed a methylation-wide association study (MWAS) to generate novel hypotheses. METHODS We assayed nearly all 28 million possible methylation sites in blood in 595 blood samples from 487 participants aged 9-17. MWASs were performed to identify methylation sites associated with incr...
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#1Maja Rudling (Uppsala University)
#2Pär Nyström (Uppsala University)H-Index: 14
Last. Terje Falck-Ytter (Uppsala University)H-Index: 27
view all 4 authors...
BACKGROUND Studies of infants with an elevated likelihood of autism spectrum disorder can identify basic developmental processes that are associated with subsequently emerging clinical symptoms. Atypical responsiveness to sounds in infancy is such a potential early marker of autism. Here, we used pupillometry to quantify reactivity to social and nonsocial sounds in infants with a subsequent diagnosis. Previous research suggest that pupil dilation reflects attentional alerting, and link it to the...
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#1Louise Neil (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 8
#2Essi Viding (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 73
Last. Peter Martin (UCL: University College London)H-Index: 13
view all 11 authors...
BACKGROUND Child maltreatment is associated with poorer social functioning and increased risk of mental health problems in adolescence and adulthood, but the processes underlying these associations remain unclear. Although crucial for establishing and maintaining relationships, trust judgements have not been experimentally investigated in children who have experienced abuse and neglect. METHODS A community-based sample of 75 children aged 8-16 years with maltreatment documented on the basis of s...
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#1Denise Bodden (UU: Utrecht University)H-Index: 15
#2Marieke W. H. van den Heuvel (EUR: Erasmus University Rotterdam)
Last. Carmen D. Dirksen (PHRI: Public Health Research Institute)H-Index: 50
view all 4 authors...
Background null Subclinical depressive symptoms are highly prevalent among adolescents and are associated with negative consequences, which may pose an economic burden for society. We conducted a prevalence-based cost-of-illness study using a societal perspective to investigate the cost-of-illness of subclinical depressive symptoms among adolescents. null Methods null Using a bottom-up approach, cost questionnaires were assessed to measure costs from 237 Dutch families with an adolescent aged 11...
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#1Yael Paz (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 3
#2Maayan Davidov (HUJI: Hebrew University of Jerusalem)H-Index: 14
Last. Carolyn Zahn-Waxler (UW: University of Wisconsin-Madison)H-Index: 74
view all 5 authors...
Background null Empathic concern is an important component of children's social competence. Yet, little is known about the role of the development of concern for others during infancy as a predictor of social competence in early childhood. null Methods null Israeli infants (N = 165, 50% girls) were observed five times, from 3 to 36 months. Empathic concern was assessed at ages 3-18 months using observations, and four components of social competence were assessed at 36 months using observations a...
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#1Laurel A. Fish ('KCL': King's College London)
#2Pär Nyström (Uppsala University)H-Index: 14
Last. Tony Charman ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 108
view all 14 authors...
Background: Although autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is heritable, the mechanisms through which genes contribute to symptom emergence remain unclear. Investigating candidate intermediate phenotypes such as the pupillary light reflex (PLR) prospectively from early in development could bridge genotype and behavioural phenotype. Methods: Using eye tracking, we longitudinally measured the PLR at 9, 14 and 24 months in a sample of infants (N = 264) enriched for a family history of ASD; 27 infants rece...
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