Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews
Papers 5,019
1 page of 502 pages (5,019 results)
#1Chunliang Feng (SCNU: South China Normal University)H-Index: 21
#2Ruolei Gu (CAS: Chinese Academy of Sciences)H-Index: 25
Last. Simon B. Eickhoff (HHU: University of Düsseldorf)H-Index: 113
view all 7 authors...
Abstract null null Both pictures and words are frequently employed as experimental stimuli to investigate the neurocognitive mechanisms of emotional processing. However, it remains unclear whether emotional picture processing and emotional word processing share neural underpinnings. To address this issue, we focus on neuroimaging studies examining the implicit processing of affective words and pictures, which require participants to meet cognitive task demands under the implicit influence of emo...
#2Adrián Alacreu-Crespo (French Institute of Health and Medical Research)H-Index: 5
Last. María Luisa Barrigón (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 12
view all 5 authors...
Impaired decision-making (DM) is well-known in suicidal behavior (SB). We aimed to review the evidence on DM and its mediating factors in SB and perform a meta-analysis on DM assessed using the Iowa Gambling Task (IGT). We conducted a search on databases of papers published on DM and SB up to 2020: 46 studies were included in the systematic review, and 18 in the meta-analysis. For meta-analysis, we compared DM performance between suicide attempters (SAs) and patients (PCs) or healthy controls (H...
We provide a brief review about the significance of hypnosis with respect to applications and physiological processes in hypnotherapy. Our review concludes that hypnosis is a promising method to manage acute and chronic pain. In addition, we discuss indications pointing toward the view that hypnosis can induce changes in neuroplasticity possibly involving epigenetic mechanisms.
#2Marina Wakid (Douglas Mental Health University Institute)H-Index: 4
Abstract null null As the professional phagocytes of the brain, microglia orchestrate the immunological response and play an increasingly important role in maintaining homeostatic brain functions. Microglia are activated by pathological events or slight alterations in brain homeostasis. This activation is dependent on the context and type of stressor or pathology. Through secretion of cytokines, chemokines and growth factors, microglia can strongly influence the response to a stressor and can, t...
#1Ruo-Chong Zhang (University of Nottingham)
#2Christopher R. Madan (University of Nottingham)H-Index: 28
Abstract null null Caffeine is a widely used nootropic drug, but its effects on memory in healthy participants have not been sufficiently evaluated. Here we review evidence of the effects of caffeine on different types of memory, and the associated drug, experimental, and demographical factors. There is limited evidence that caffeine affects performance in memory tasks beyond improved reaction times. For drug factors, a dose-response relationship may exist but findings are inconsistent. Moreover...
#1Joana Martins-Macedo (University of Minho)H-Index: 1
#2António J. Salgado (University of Minho)H-Index: 45
Last. Luísa Pinto (University of Minho)H-Index: 29
view all 4 authors...
Abstract null null Psychiatric disorders severely impact patients’ lives. Motivational, cognitive and emotional deficits are the most common symptoms observed in these patients and no effective treatment is still available, either due to the adverse side effects or the low rate of efficacy of currently available drugs. Neurogenesis recovery has been one important focus in the treatment of psychiatric disorders, which undeniably contributes to the therapeutic action of antidepressants. However, g...
#1Yazen Alnefeesi (UHN: University Health Network)H-Index: 1
#2Jocelyn K. Tamura (UHN: University Health Network)H-Index: 4
Last. Roger S. McIntyre (UHN: University Health Network)H-Index: 99
view all 9 authors...
Abstract null null There is a need for innovation with respect to therapeutics in psychiatry. Available evidence indicates that the trace amine-associated receptor 1 (TAAR1) agonist SEP-363856 is promising, as it improves measures of cognitive and reward function in schizophrenia. Hedonic and cognitive impairments are transdiagnostic and constitute major burdens in mood disorders. Herein, we systematically review the behavioural and genetic literature documenting the role of TAAR1 in reward and ...
#1Alexander J. Dufford (Yale University)H-Index: 8
#2Marisa N. Spann (Columbia University)H-Index: 17
Last. Dustin ScheinostH-Index: 50
view all 3 authors...
Abstract null null Brain development during the prenatal period is rapid and unparalleled by any other time during development. Biological systems undergoing rapid development are at higher risk for disorganizing influences. Therefore, certain prenatal exposures impact brain development, increasing risk for negative neurodevelopmental outcome. While prenatal exposures have been associated with cognitive and behavioral outcomes later in life, the underlying macroscopic brain pathways remain uncle...
#1Carina Fernandes (University of Porto)H-Index: 8
#2Inês Macedo (University of Porto)
Last. João Marques-Teixeira (University of Porto)H-Index: 12
view all 4 authors...
Abstract null null The effect of pathological aging on economic decision-making is a topic of major relevance as impairments in this domain place older adults at increased risk for financial abuse. This review aims to characterize decision-making across the continuum that goes from healthy aging to Alzheimer’s Dementia. We included 42 studies comparing patients with Mild Cognitive Impairment (MCI) and healthy older adults, patients with Alzheimer’s Disease (AD) and healthy older adults, and pati...
#1Susanna Feruglio (Sapienza University of Rome)H-Index: 2
#2Alessio Matiz (University of Udine)H-Index: 6
Last. Cristiano Crescentini (University of Udine)H-Index: 20
view all 5 authors...
Abstract null null Through the practice of Mindfulness Meditation (MM), meditators become familiar with the observation of ongoing spontaneous thoughts, while maintaining an attitude of openness and equanimity. The aim of this systematic review is to present a synthesis of available findings of the short and long-term effects of MM on mind wandering (MW). We included studies that considered both first-person and behavioral/physiological measures of MW. The search resulted in 2035 papers, 24 of w...
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