American Journal of Human Genetics
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#1Ronit Marom (BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)H-Index: 14
#2Lindsay C. Burrage (BCM: Baylor College of Medicine)H-Index: 23
Last. Marwan Shinawi (WashU: Washington University in St. Louis)H-Index: 36
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Summary null Coatomer complexes function in the sorting and trafficking of proteins between subcellular organelles. Pathogenic variants in coatomer subunits or associated factors have been reported in multi-systemic disorders, i.e., coatopathies, that can affect the skeletal and central nervous systems. We have identified loss-of-function variants in COPB2, a component of the coatomer complex I (COPI), in individuals presenting with osteoporosis, fractures, and developmental delay of variable se...
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#1Magdalena Socha (Poznan University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 6
#2Anna Sowińska-Seidler (Poznan University of Medical Sciences)H-Index: 8
Last. Stefan Mundlos (MPG: Max Planck Society)H-Index: 97
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Summary null Copy-number variations (CNVs) are a common cause of congenital limb malformations and are interpreted primarily on the basis of their effect on gene dosage. However, recent studies show that CNVs also influence the 3D genome chromatin organization. The functional interpretation of whether a phenotype is the result of gene dosage or a regulatory position effect remains challenging. Here, we report on two unrelated families with individuals affected by bilateral hypoplasia of the femo...
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#1Nil Aygün (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 3
#2Angela L. Elwell (UNC: University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill)H-Index: 2
Last. Luis de la Torre-UbietaH-Index: 18
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Interpretation of the function of non-coding risk loci for neuropsychiatric disorders and brain-relevant traits via gene expression and alternative splicing quantitative trait locus (e/sQTL) analyses is generally performed in bulk post-mortem adult tissue. However, genetic risk loci are enriched in regulatory elements active during neocortical differentiation, and regulatory effects of risk variants may be masked by heterogeneity in bulk tissue. Here, we map e/sQTLs, and allele-specific expressi...
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#1Biyao Wang (UCL: University College London)
#2Jessie R. Baldwin ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 3
Last. Jean-Baptiste Pingault ('KCL': King's College London)H-Index: 27
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Similarities between parents and offspring arise from nature and nurture. Beyond this simple dichotomy, recent genomic studies have uncovered "genetic nurture" effects, whereby parental genotypes influence offspring outcomes via environmental pathways rather than genetic transmission. Such genetic nurture effects also need to be accounted for to accurately estimate "direct" genetic effects (i.e., genetic effects on a trait originating in the offspring). Empirical studies have indicated that gene...
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#1Toomas Kivisild (McDonald Institute for Archaeological Research)H-Index: 77
#2Lehti Saag (UCL: University College London)
Last. Reedik Mägi (UT: University of Tartu)H-Index: 88
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Summary null null The Finnish population is a unique example of a genetic isolate affected by a recent founder event. Previous studies have suggested that the ancestors of Finnic-speaking Finns and Estonians reached the circum-Baltic region by the 1st millennium BC. However, high linguistic similarity points to a more recent split of their languages. To study genetic connectedness between Finns and Estonians directly, we first assessed the efficacy of imputation of low-coverage ancient genomes b...
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#1Leandro M. Colli (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 16
#2Lea Jessop (NIH: National Institutes of Health)H-Index: 12
Last. Virginia Schmid (University of Oxford)H-Index: 2
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Our study investigated the underlying mechanism for the 14q24 renal cell carcinoma (RCC) susceptibility risk locus identified by a genome-wide association study (GWAS). The sentinel single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP), rs4903064, at 14q24 confers an allele-specific effect on expression of the double PHD fingers 3 (DPF3) of the BAF SWI/SNF complex as assessed by massively parallel reporter assay, confirmatory luciferase assays, and eQTL analyses. Overexpression of DPF3 in renal cell lines increa...
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#1Jacob R. Stolz (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 3
#2Kendall M. Foote (NU: Northwestern University)H-Index: 3
Last. Ionella Rebane (Boston Children's Hospital)
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Summary null Kainate receptors (KARs) are glutamate-gated cation channels with diverse roles in the central nervous system. Bi-allelic loss of function of the KAR-encoding gene GRIK2 causes a nonsyndromic neurodevelopmental disorder (NDD) with intellectual disability and developmental delay as core features. The extent to which mono-allelic variants in GRIK2 also underlie NDDs is less understood because only a single individual has been reported previously. Here, we describe an additional eleven...
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#2Scott Kulm (Cornell University)H-Index: 4
Last. Olivier Elemento (Cornell University)H-Index: 82
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An individual's genetics can dramatically influence breast cancer (BC) risk. Although clinical measures for prevention do exist, non-invasive personalized measures for reducing BC risk are limited. Commonly used medications are a promising set of modifiable factors, but no previous study has explored whether a range of widely taken approved drugs modulate BC genetics. In this study, we describe a quantitative framework for exploring the interaction between the genetic susceptibility of BC and me...
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#1Silvia Lombardi (University of Ferrara)H-Index: 6
#2Gabriele Leo (University of Ferrara)
Last. Dario Balestra (University of Ferrara)H-Index: 13
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The pathogenic significance of nucleotide variants commonly relies on nucleotide position within the gene, with exonic changes generally attributed to quantitative or qualitative alteration of protein biosynthesis, secretion, activity, or clearance. However, these changes may exert pleiotropic effects on both protein biology and mRNA splicing due to the overlapping of the amino acid and splicing codes, thus shaping the disease phenotypes. Here, we focused on hemophilia A, in which the definition...
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#1Kornelia Neveling (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 23
#2Tuomo Mantere (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 4
Last. Daniel Olde Weghuis (Radboud University Nijmegen)H-Index: 16
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Summary null null Somatic structural variants (SVs) are important drivers of cancer development and progression. In a diagnostic set-up, especially for hematological malignancies, the comprehensive analysis of all SVs in a given sample still requires a combination of cytogenetic techniques, including karyotyping, FISH, and CNV microarrays. We hypothesize that the combination of these classical approaches could be replaced by optical genome mapping (OGM). Samples from 52 individuals with a clinic...
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