Obesity Reviews
Papers 2,723
1 page of 273 pages (2,723 results)
#1Juan F. Navas (Complutense University of Madrid)H-Index: 14
#2Antonio Verdejo-García (Monash University, Clayton campus)H-Index: 60
Last. Miguel A. Vadillo (UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid)H-Index: 25
view all 3 authors...
Cognitive bias modification (CBM), which retrains implicit biases towards unhealthy foods, has been proposed as a promising adjunct to improve the efficacy of weight loss interventions. We conducted a systematic review of research on three CBM approaches (i.e., cue-specific inhibitory control, approach bias modification, and attentional bias modification) for reducing unhealthy eating biases and behavior. We performed a p-curve analysis to determine the evidential value of this research; this me...
#1J. Alfredo Martínez (IMDEA: Madrid Institute for Advanced Studies)H-Index: 95
#2Franco Sassi (Imperial College London)H-Index: 28
Last. Josep A. Tur (UIB: University of the Balearic Islands)H-Index: 57
view all 4 authors...
Childhood obesity is one of the most pressing global public health issues, with rates increasing fastest in countries at low levels of income. Obesity occurring during childhood is likely to persist throughout the life course, and it is a cause of increased disease risk from the early years of life. This supplement is the result of collaborations involving a large and multidisciplinary group of researchers that were established in the context of the ongoing European Horizon 2020 project Science ...
#1Evangelos Handakas (Imperial College London)H-Index: 6
#2Chung-Ho E Lau (Imperial College London)H-Index: 9
Last. Oliver Robinson (Imperial College London)H-Index: 24
view all 7 authors...
Childhood obesity has become a global epidemic and carries significant long-term consequences to physical and mental health. Metabolomics, the global profiling of small molecules or metabolites, may reveal the mechanisms of development of childhood obesity and clarify links between obesity and metabolic disease. A systematic review of metabolomic studies of childhood obesity was conducted, following Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews (PRISMA) guidelines, searching across Scopus, Ov...
#1Jordan Beaumont (Leeds Trinity University)H-Index: 1
#2N Smith (Leeds Trinity University)
Last. Martin J. Barwood (Leeds Trinity University)H-Index: 21
view all 8 authors...
Transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) is becoming an increasingly popular technique for altering eating behaviors. Recent research suggests a possible eating behavior trait-dependent effect of tDCS. However, studies recruit participant populations with heterogeneous trait characteristics, including "healthy" individuals who do not present with eating behavior traits suggesting susceptibility to overconsumption. The present review considers the effects of tDCS across eating-related measu...
#1Nerea Martín-Calvo (University of Navarra)H-Index: 14
#2Leticia Goni (University of Navarra)H-Index: 13
Last. J. Alfredo Martínez (University of Navarra)H-Index: 95
view all 4 authors...
In recent decades, the incidence of type 2 diabetes (T2D) has increased dramatically in children and adolescents, posing a real public health problem. Beyond unhealthy diets and sedentary lifestyles, growing evidence suggests that some perinatal factors, such as low birth weight (LBW), are associated with higher risk of T2D in adulthood. In this regard, it remains unclear whether the increased risk is already present in childhood and adolescence. We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysi...
#1Alexandra Chung (Monash University)H-Index: 9
#2Christina Zorbas (Deakin University)H-Index: 7
Last. Kathryn Backholer (Deakin University)H-Index: 29
view all 7 authors...
Unhealthy food marketing influences attitudes, preferences, and consumption of unhealthy foods, leading to excess weight gain. Outdoor advertising is highly visible (often displayed on publicly owned assets), but the evidence supporting regulation is unclear. This systematic scoping review of academic and grey literature aimed to (1) describe potential health and economic impacts of implementing government-led policies that restrict unhealthy food advertising in outdoor spaces or on public asset...
#1Michael W. Beets (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 52
#2Lauren von Klinggraeff (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 3
Last. Xiaoming Li (USC: University of South Carolina)
view all 13 authors...
Biases introduced in early-stage studies can lead to inflated early discoveries. The risk of generalizability biases (RGBs) identifies key features of feasibility studies that, when present, lead to reduced impact in a larger trial. This meta-study examined the influence of RGBs in adult obesity interventions. Behavioral interventions with a published feasibility study and a larger scale trial of the same intervention (e.g., pairs) were identified. Each pair was coded for the presence of RGBs. Q...
#1Nikos Stratakis (USC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 7
#2Sarah Rock (USC: University of Southern California)
Last. Vaia Lida Chatzi (USC: University of Southern California)H-Index: 2
view all 11 authors...
We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of the associations between prenatal exposure to persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and childhood obesity. We focused on organochlorines (dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane [DDT], dichlorodiphenyldichloroethylene [DDE], hexachlorobenzene [HCB], and polychlorinated biphenyls [PCBs]), perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS), and polybrominated diphenyl ethers (PBDEs) that are the POPs more widely studied in environmental birth cohorts ...
#1Lise Voland (University of Paris)
#2Tiphaine Le Roy (University of Paris)H-Index: 8
Last. Karine Clément (University of Paris)H-Index: 87
view all 4 authors...
There are numerous factors involved in obesity progression and maintenance including systemic low-grade inflammation, adipose tissue dysfunction, or gut microbiota dysbiosis. Recently, a growing interest has arisen for vitamins' role in obesity and related disorders, both at the host and gut bacterial level. Indeed, vitamins are provided mostly by food, but some, from the B and K groups in particular, can be synthesized by the gut bacterial ecosystem and absorbed in the colon. Knowing that vitam...
#1Yasmin Ezzatvar (UV: University of Valencia)H-Index: 6
#2Mikel Izquierdo (University of Navarra)H-Index: 87
Last. Antonio García-Hermoso (University of Santiago Chile)H-Index: 29
view all 5 authors...
The present systematic review with meta-analysis sought to estimate the accuracy of different waist-to-height ratio (WHtR) cutoff ranges as risk indicators for cardiometabolic health in different populations of children and adolescents. Systematic searches were undertaken to identify studies in apparently healthy participants aged 3-18 years that conducted receiver operating characteristic curve analysis and reported area under the receiver operating characteristic curves for WHtR with any cardi...
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