Nutrients
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#1Hwayoung NohH-Index: 11
#2Hwan-Hee JangH-Index: 6
Last. Heinz FreislingH-Index: 31
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We investigated associations of habitual dietary intake with the taxonomic composition and diversity of the human gut microbiota in 222 Koreans aged 18–58 years in a cross-sectional study. Gut microbiota data were obtained by 16S rRNA gene sequencing on DNA extracted from fecal samples. The habitual diet for the previous year was assessed by a food frequency questionnaire. After multivariable adjustment, intake of several food groups including vegetables, fermented legumes, legumes, dairy produc...
1 CitationsSource
#1Julia Wicherski (Bielefeld University)H-Index: 1
#2Sabrina Schlesinger (HHU: University of Düsseldorf)H-Index: 23
Last. Florian Fischer (Charité)H-Index: 52
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Globally, increasing rates of obesity are one of the most important health issues. The association between breakfast skipping and body weight is contradictory between cross-sectional and interventional studies. This systematic review and meta-analysis aims to summarize this association based on observational longitudinal studies. We included prospective studies on breakfast skipping and overweight/obesity or weight change in adults. The literature was searched until September 2020 in PubMed and ...
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#1Vincenzo MollaceH-Index: 27
#2Giuseppe M.C. Rosano (Lond: University of London)H-Index: 17
Last. Maurizio VolterraniH-Index: 45
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There is evidence demonstrating that heart failure (HF) occurs in 1–2% of the global population and is often accompanied by comorbidities which contribute to increasing the prevalence of the disease, the rate of hospitalization and the mortality. Although recent advances in both pharmacological and non-pharmacological approaches have led to a significant improvement in clinical outcomes in patients affected by HF, residual unmet needs remain, mostly related to the occurrence of poorly defined st...
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#1Evasio PasiniH-Index: 32
#2Giovanni CorsettiH-Index: 16
Last. Francesco S. DioguardiH-Index: 20
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Chronic diseases are characterised by altered autophagy and protein metabolism disarrangement, resulting in sarcopenia, hypoalbuminemia and hypo-haemoglobinaemia. Hypo-haemoglobinaemia is linked to a worse prognosis independent of the target organ affected by the disease. Currently, the cornerstone of the therapy of anaemia is iron supplementation, with or without erythropoietin for the stimulation of haematopoiesis. However, treatment strategies should incorporate the promotion of the synthesis...
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#1Ye Rin Choi (Hallym University)H-Index: 1
#2Hyeong Seop Kim (Hallym University)H-Index: 1
Last. Ki Tae Suk (Hallym University)H-Index: 24
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Malnutrition and cognitive dysfunction are typical features of alcoholic liver disease (ALD) and are correlated with the development of complications. The aim of this study is to explore the effect of nutritional state and diet on cognitive function in ALD. A total of 43 patients with compensated alcoholic cirrhosis were enrolled, and a neuropsychological test was assessed according to body mass index (BMI, <22 and ≥22). In the ALD animal study, mice were divided into five groups (n = 9/group; n...
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#1Bon-Hee Gu (PNU: Pusan National University)H-Index: 1
#2Myunghoo Kim (PNU: Pusan National University)H-Index: 2
Last. Cheol-Heui Yun (SNU: Seoul National University)H-Index: 33
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The gastrointestinal tract contains multiple types of immune cells that maintain the balance between tolerance and activation at the first line of host defense facing non-self antigens, including dietary antigens, commensal bacteria, and sometimes unexpected pathogens. The maintenance of homeostasis at the gastrointestinal tract requires stringent regulation of immune responses against various environmental conditions. Dietary components can be converted into gut metabolites with unique function...
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#1Izabela Nawrot-Hadzik (Wrocław Medical University)H-Index: 3
#2Adam Matkowski (Wrocław Medical University)H-Index: 20
Last. Paweł Kubasiewicz-Ross (Wrocław Medical University)H-Index: 6
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Flavan-3-ols and their oligomeric forms called proanthocyanidins are polyphenolic compounds occurring in several foodstuffs and in many medicinal herbs. Their consumption is associated with numerous health benefits. They exhibit antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, cytoprotective, as well as antimicrobial activity. The latter property is important in the prevention and treatment of periodontal diseases. Periodontitis is a multifactorial polymicrobial infection characterized by a destructive inflammat...
1 CitationsSource
#1Asim K. Duttaroy (University of Oslo)H-Index: 35
Emerging data have demonstrated a strong association between the gut microbiota and the development of cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors such as atherosclerosis, inflammation, obesity, insulin resistance, platelet hyperactivity, and plasma lipid abnormalities. Several studies in humans and animal models have demonstrated an association between gut microbial metabolites such as trimethylamine-N-oxide (TMAO), short-chain fatty acids, and bile acid metabolites (amino acid breakdown products...
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Liver fibrosis represents the consequences of chronic liver injury. Individuals with alcoholic or nonalcoholic liver diseases are at high risk of magnesium deficiency. This study aimed to evaluate the association between magnesium and calcium intakes and significant liver fibrosis, and whether the associations differ by alcohol drinking status. Based on the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2017–2018, the study included 4166 participants aged >18 years who completed the t...
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#2Adrian Holliday (LBU: Leeds Beckett University)H-Index: 3
Last. Theocharis IspoglouH-Index: 9
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Cross-sectional studies in younger adults have demonstrated a positive association between energy intake (EI) and fat-free mass (FFM), with this relationship seemingly mediated by resting metabolic rate (RMR). Establishing a causal effect longitudinally would be prudent in older adults suffering from loss of appetite. We investigated the effects of FFM on RMR, appetite and EI in 39 healthy older adults (age: 66 ± 4 years, BMI: 25.1 ± 3.5 kg∙m2) assigned to either 12-week resistance training + pr...
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