Setup and validation of shake-flask procedures for the determination of partition coefficients (logD) from low drug amounts.

Published on Aug 30, 2015in European Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences3.616
· DOI :10.1016/J.EJPS.2015.05.008
Axel Andrés5
Estimated H-index: 5
(University of Barcelona),
Martí Rosés58
Estimated H-index: 58
(University of Barcelona)
+ 4 AuthorsJosep M. Huerta7
Estimated H-index: 7
Sources
Abstract
Abstract Several procedures based on the shake-flask method and designed to require a minimum amount of drug for octanol–water partition coefficient determination have been established and developed. The procedures have been validated by a 28 substance set with a lipophilicity range from −2.0 to 4.5 (log  D 7.4 ). The experimental partition is carried out using aqueous phases buffered with phosphate (pH 7.4) and n-octanol saturated with buffered water and the analysis is performed by liquid chromatography. In order to have accurate results, four procedures and eight different ratios between phase volumes are proposed. Each procedure has been designed and optimized (for partition ratios) for a specific range of drug lipophilicity (low, regular and high lipophilicity) and solubility (high and low aqueous solubility). The procedures have been developed to minimize the measurement in the octanolic phase. Experimental log  D 7.4 values obtained from different procedures and partition ratios show a standard deviation lower than 0.3 and there is a nice agreement when these values are compared with the reference literature ones.
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