Sleep Outcomes From AWAKE-HF: A Randomized Clinical Trial of Sacubitril/Valsartan vs Enalapril in Patients With Heart Failure and Reduced Ejection Fraction.

Published on Aug 21, 2021in Journal of Cardiac Failure3.435
· DOI :10.1016/J.CARDFAIL.2021.07.021
Robert L. Owens (UCLA: University of California, Los Angeles), Kade Birkeland5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Cedars-Sinai Medical Center)
+ 5 AuthorsRaj M. Khandwalla5
Estimated H-index: 5
(Cedars-Sinai Medical Center)
Sources
Abstract
Abstract null null Background null Heart failure and sleep-disordered breathing have been increasingly recognized as co-occurring conditions. Their bidirectional relationship warrants investigation into whether heart failure therapy improves sleep and sleep-disordered breathing. We sought to explore the effect of treatment with sacubitril/valsartan on sleep-related endpoints from the AWAKE-HF study. null null null Methods and Results null AWAKE-HF was a randomized, double-blind study conducted in 23 centers in the United States. Study participants with heart failure with reduced rejection fraction and New York Heart Association class II or III symptoms were randomly assigned to receive treatment with either sacubitril/valsartan or enalapril. All endpoints were assessed at baseline and after 8 weeks of treatment. Portable sleep-monitoring equipment was used to measure the apnea-hypopnea index, including obstructive and central events. Total sleep time, wake after sleep onset and sleep efficiency were exploratory measures assessed using wrist actigraphy. null null null The results were as follows null 140 patients received treatment in the double-blind phase (sacubitril/valsartan, n = 70; enalapril, n = 70). At baseline, 39% and 40% of patients randomly assigned to receive sacubitril/valsartan or enalapril, respectively, presented with undiagnosed, untreated, moderate-to-severe sleep-disordered breathing (≥ 15 events/h), and nearly all had obstructive sleep apnea. After 8 weeks of treatment, the mean 4% apnea-hypopnea index changed minimally from 16.3/h to 15.2/h in the sacubitril/valsartan group and from 16.8/h to 17.6/h in the enalapril group. Mean total sleep time was long at baseline and decreased only slightly in both treatment groups at week 8 (–14 and –11 minutes for sacubitril/valsartan and enalapril, respectively), with small changes in wake after sleep onset and sleep efficiency in both groups. null null null Conclusions null In a cohort of patients with heart failure with reduced rejection fraction who met prescribing guidelines for sacubitril/valsartan, one-third had undiagnosed moderate-to-severe obstructive sleep apnea. The addition of sacubitril/valsartan therapy did not significantly improve sleep-disordered breathing or sleep duration or efficiency. Patients who meet indications for treatment with sacubitril/valsartan should be evaluated for sleep-disordered breathing.
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