Allosteric Switching of Calmodulin in a Mycobacterium smegmatis porin A (MspA) Nanopore-Trap

Published on Aug 27, 2021in Angewandte Chemie12.959
· DOI :10.1002/ANIE.202110545
Yao Liu (NU: Nanjing University), Tiezheng Pan9
Estimated H-index: 9
(NPU: Northwestern Polytechnical University)
+ 9 AuthorsPanke Zhang8
Estimated H-index: 8
(NU: Nanjing University)
Recent developments concerning large protein nanopores suggest a new approach to structure profiling of native folded proteins. In this work, the large vestibule of Mycobacterium smegmatis porin A (MspA) and calmodulin (CaM), a Ca2+ -binding protein, were used in the direct observation of the protein structure. Three conformers, including the Ca2+ -free, Ca2+ -bound, and target peptide-bound states of CaM, were unambiguously distinguished. A disease related mutant, CaM D129G was also discriminated by MspA, revealing how a single amino acid replacement can interfere with the Ca2+ -binding capacity of the whole protein. The binding capacity and aggregation effect of CaM induced by different ions (Mg2+ /Sr2+ /Ba2+ /Ca2+ /Pb2+ /Tb3+ ) were also investigated and the stability of MspA in extreme conditions was evaluated. This work demonstrates the most systematic single-molecule investigation of different allosteric conformers of CaM, acknowledging the high sensing resolution offered by the MspA nanopore trap.
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