Targeted and untargeted characterization of underivatized policosanols in hemp inflorescence by liquid chromatography-high resolution mass spectrometry

Published on Dec 1, 2021in Talanta5.339
· DOI :10.1016/J.TALANTA.2021.122778
Carmela Maria Montone12
Estimated H-index: 12
(Sapienza University of Rome),
Sara Elsa Aita2
Estimated H-index: 2
(Sapienza University of Rome)
+ 7 AuthorsAnna Laura Capriotti38
Estimated H-index: 38
(Sapienza University of Rome)
Abstract null null The paper describes the development of a targeted quantitative method for the analysis of policosanols in hemp inflorescence. Policosanols are long chain aliphatic alcohols, with carbon chains typically in the range 20–36, with interesting biological activities. These compounds are typically separated by gas chromatography and only a few methods employ liquid chromatography for policosanols. In both cases, methods always include the derivatization of policosanols. In this study, policosanols were separated by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography without any derivatization and detected using high resolution mass spectrometry by formation of lithiated adducts. The procedure was optimized and a quantitative method was validated for the most abundant policosanols (with C24, C26, C27, C28, and C30 chain lengths) in industrial hemp inflorescence extracts. The method was used for the quantitative analysis of policosanols in five hemp types. Hemp wax was found rich in these compounds, especially C26 and C28 policosanols, which may prove useful for revalorization of wax by-products. Finally, the acquired data were also used to expand the search to the untargeted qualitative analysis of policosanols using Compound Discoverer. The untargeted method allowed the annotation of underivatized policosanols up to C33.
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