The association of air pollutants exposure with subclinical inflammation and carotid atherosclerosis.

Published on Jul 31, 2021in International Journal of Cardiology4.164
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJCARD.2021.07.056
Evangelos Oikonomou32
Estimated H-index: 32
(UoA: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens),
George Lazaros24
Estimated H-index: 24
(UoA: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)
+ 11 AuthorsM.N. Assimakopoulos23
Estimated H-index: 23
(UoA: National and Kapodistrian University of Athens)
Abstract null null Background null Air pollution is a well-described environmental factor with evidence suggesting a firm association with cardiovascular diseases. The purpose of this study was to determine the association of exposure to gaseous air pollutants on atherosclerosis burden. null null null Methods null 1955 inhabitants of the Corinthia region, aged 40 years or older, underwent clinical and biochemical assessment as well as carotid ultrasonography to evaluate carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) and plaque burden. Analyzers recording time series concentration of CO, NO2, and SO2 were located at 4 different open sites (Regions 1, 2, 3 and 4) based on their proximity to industries, highways or shipyards. null null null Results null A higher concentration of CO, NO2, and SO2 was observed in Region 4 compared to the other regions. Mean cIMT (Region 1: 0.93 ± 0.24 mm; Region 2: 0.96 ± 0.40 mm; Region 3: 0.94 ± 0.39 mm; Region 4: 1.14 ± 0.55 mm, p  null null null Conclusions null An increased carotid atherosclerotic and inflammatory burden is observed in inhabitants of areas with the highest concentration of air pollutants.
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