The Role of Meta-Cognitive Certainty on Pornography Consumption.

Published on Aug 1, 2021in Psicothema3.89
· DOI :10.7334/PSICOTHEMA2021.8
Borja Paredes8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UAM: Autonomous University of Madrid),
Luz Martínez Martínez2
Estimated H-index: 2
+ 3 AuthorsLorena Ortega Moreno5
Estimated H-index: 5
BACKGROUND: The Problematic Pornography Use Scale (PPUS) was originally designed to help predicting pornography consumption. Despite the frequency with which this scale is used in the scientific literature, there is still relatively little evidence regarding the predictive validity of this important instrument. This current research introduces a construct capable of improving the ability of the scale to predict pornography consumption (meta-cognitive certainty). METHOD: Over two studies, participants completed the PPUS and the meta-cognitive certainty in their responses to the scale was measured (Study 1) or manipulated (Study 2). Self-reported porn consumption was the criterion measure in both studies, with an additional actual overt behavior relevant to consumption of porn included in Study 2. RESULTS: As expected, the PPUS significantly predicted porn consumption, confirming the predictive validity of the scale. More importantly, meta-cognitive certainty was capable of moderating the extent to which scores on the PPUS could predict porn consumption, with greater consistency between the PPUS and reported behavior from those with high (vs. low) meta-cognitive certainty. CONCLUSIONS: These data suggest that considering meta-cognitive certainty may be useful for predicting when the link between the PPUS and porn consumption is stronger.
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