Ninhydrin as a novel DNA hybridization indicator applied to a highly reusable electrochemical genosensor for Candida auris

Published on Dec 1, 2021in Talanta5.339
· DOI :10.1016/J.TALANTA.2021.122694
Márcia Maria Costa Nunes Soares4
Estimated H-index: 4
(Instituto Adolfo Lutz)
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Abstract
Abstract null null This work reports a simple strategy for Candida auris genomic DNA (gDNA) detection, a multi-resistant fungus associated with nosocomial outbreaks in healthcare settings, presenting high mortality and morbidity rates. The platform was developed using gold electrode sensitized with specific DNA capture probe and ninhydrin as a novel DNA hybridization indicator. The genosensor was able to detect C. auris in urine sample by differential pulse voltammetry and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy. The biosensor's analytical performance was evaluated by differential pulse voltammetry, detecting up to 4.5 pg μL−1 of C. auris gDNA in urine (1:10, V/V). Moreover, the genosensor was reused eight times with no loss in the current signal response. The genosensor showed selectivity and stability, maintaining 100% of its response up to 80 days of storage. In order to analyze interactions of single and double-stranded DNA with ninhydrin, SEM, AFM and molecular dynamics studies followed by docking simulations were performed. Theoretical calculations showed ninhydrin interactions more favorably with dsDNA in an A-T rich binding pocket rather than with the ssDNA. Therefore, the proposed system is a promising electrochemical detection device towards a more accurate detection of C. auris gDNA in biological samples.
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