New and efficient NiO/chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol nanocomposites as antibacterial and dye adsorptive films.

Published on Sep 1, 2021in International Journal of Biological Macromolecules6.953
· DOI :10.1016/J.IJBIOMAC.2021.07.055
Heba Ali1
Estimated H-index: 1
,
Taha M. Tiama1
Estimated H-index: 1
(Misr University for Science and Technology),
A.M. Ismail5
Estimated H-index: 5
Source
Abstract
Abstract null null The development of composite films with enhanced antibacterial and dye decolorization properties for water treatment has attracted a great attention. In this study, nickel oxide/chitosan/polyvinyl alcohol nanocomposite films containing different weight percentage of NiO nanoparticles with a dual functionality, removal of toxic dye and antibacterial properties, were prepared. Methyl orange (MO) was selected as a target pollutant. Additionally, the antimicrobial activity of the films against two Gram positive bacteria (Staphylococcus aureus and Bacillus cereus) and two Gram negative bacteria (Escherichia coli and Salmonella Typhimurium) was studied. The prepared samples were characterized by XRD, HRTEM, FESEM, ATR-FTIR, UV–Vis spectroscopy, and dielectric measurements. The morphological examination proved that the nanocomposite film has more porous structure compared to the unmodified chitosan/PVA. The antimicrobial tests indicated that the modified chitosan/PVA films have higher activity than pure chitosan/PVA toward all the tested pathogenic bacteria. The impact of the NiO amount (0.5, 1.5, 3, and 5 wt%), contact time (0–150 min), and adsorbent dose (40, 80, and 100 mg) on the removal of MO was studied. Dye adsorption results proved that the incorporation of 5 wt% NiO led to more than 2 fold increase in the dye removal percentage in comparison with the unmodified PVA/chitosan film.
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#2Amartya Bhattacharyya (CU: University of Calcutta)H-Index: 14
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Abstract null null The aim of this research was to fabricate active nanocomposite films by incorporation of nickel oxide nanoparticles (NiONPs) (3, 6 and 9% w/w) into the chitosan-based films. The NiONPs were synthesized by solution combustion method and the films were prepared by solvent casting method. The formation of new interactions and increasing of films' crystallinity were confirmed by FT-IR and XRD analyses. Uniform dispersion of NiONPs at lower concentrations and their aggregation at l...
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