Co-Attendance Communities: A Multilevel Egocentric Network Analysis of American Soccer Supporters' Groups.

Published on Jul 9, 2021in International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health3.39
· DOI :10.3390/IJERPH18147351
Adam R. Cocco1
Estimated H-index: 1
(University of Louisville),
Matthew Katz8
Estimated H-index: 8
(UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst),
Marion E. Hambrick14
Estimated H-index: 14
(University of Louisville)
Sources
Abstract
The growth of professional soccer in the United States is evident through the rapid expansion of franchises and increased game attendance within Major League Soccer (MLS) and the United Soccer League (USL). Coinciding with this growth is the emergence of European-style supporters’ groups filling sections of MLS and USL stadiums. In this study, the authors utilized an egocentric network analysis to explore relationships among supporters’ group members for two professional soccer clubs based in the United States. Egocentric network research focuses on the immediate social environment of individuals and is often viewed as an alternative approach to sociocentric (i.e., whole network) analyses. This study employed hierarchical linear modeling as an example of multilevel modeling with egocentric data, using ego- and alter-level variables to explain the strength of co-attendance ties. The results indicate the perceived commitment of fellow fans to the team, shared membership in a supporters’ group, age, and interactions with other fans in team settings related to higher levels of co-attendance. The outcomes of this study are both theoretical, as they advance an understanding of sport consumer behavior within soccer supporters’ groups, and methodological, as they illustrate the unique value of employing egocentric network analysis in sport fan research.
References34
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#1Matthew Katz (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)H-Index: 8
#2Aaron C. Mansfield (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)H-Index: 2
Last. B. David Tyler (WCU: Western Carolina University)H-Index: 8
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#1Matthew Katz (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)H-Index: 8
#2Bob Heere (UNT: University of North Texas)H-Index: 21
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Vertex colouring is among the most important problems in graph theory which has been widely applied across different real-world problems. In vertex colouring problem (VCP), the goal is to assign a ...
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#1Matthew Katz (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)H-Index: 8
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#1Marion E. Hambrick (University of Louisville)H-Index: 14
#2Per G. Svensson (LSU: Louisiana State University)H-Index: 12
Last. Seungmin Kang (LSU: Louisiana State University)H-Index: 3
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Abstract Sport for development (SFD) agencies often face issues with resource dependency, where they encounter resource deficiencies and rely upon other organizations to build capacity and attain their organizational goals and objectives. The purpose of this study was to investigate what resource networks existed among agencies within a city-wide SFD coalition and the advantages and disadvantages of their participation. The authors examined an SFD coalition involving 27 agencies and their five r...
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Abstract A major development in international sport governance is the increasing number of clubs owned by supporters. Researchers have advocated for more supporter involvement in the governance of sport teams but have not fully explained why some supporters attempt to become team owners. Sport governance scholars have also generally ignored the perspectives of those fans that do not seek to become club owners. In the current study, the authors took the perspective of psychological ownership theo...
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ABSTRACTResearch question: This study investigated the Twitter networks of the Champions League hashtag (#UCL) across the 2017 UEFA Champions League Final. Through an examination of network paramet...
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#2Rose Marie Ward (Miami University)H-Index: 23
Last. Bob Heere (USC: University of South Carolina)H-Index: 21
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Abstract In this study, the authors empirically test a model of sport behaviour that integrates both team identification and a network theory approach to understand attendance at intercollegiate ice hockey games. Grounded within the brand community triad, ego network data were collected among attendees to measure the fan-to-fan connections that constitute the horizontal relationships of brand community participants. Additionally, a multidimensional team identification measure was used to illustr...
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#1Brea L. Perry (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 27
#2Bernice A. Pescosolido (IU: Indiana University)H-Index: 59
Last. Stephen P. Borgatti (UK: University of Kentucky)H-Index: 64
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Egocentric network analysis is used widely across the social sciences, especially in anthropology, political science, economics, and sociology, and is increasingly being employed in communications, informatics, and business and marketing studies. Egocentric network analysis requires a unique set of data collection and analysis skills that overlap only minimally with other network methodologies. However, until now there has been no single reference for conceptualizing, collecting, and analyzing e...
#1Matthew Katz (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)H-Index: 8
#2Nefertiti A. Walker (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)H-Index: 8
Last. Lauren C. Hindman (UMass: University of Massachusetts Amherst)H-Index: 3
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The purpose of this study is to examine and compare the informal networks of both senior woman administrators (SWAs) and athletic directors (ADs) within National Collegiate Athletic Association Division I institutions. Drawing on extant literature citing the underrepresentation of women in sport leadership positions, we incorporate a network approach to build and analyze affiliation networks of SWAs and ADs. Guided by the framework of Leadership in Networks, we argue that the social structures w...
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