Evaluation of 3- and 4-Phenoxybenzamides as Selective Inhibitors of the Mono-ADP-Ribosyltransferase PARP10.

Published on Jun 19, 2021in ChemistryOpen2.37
· DOI :10.1002/OPEN.202100087
Patricia Korn (RWTH Aachen University), Arno Classen3
Estimated H-index: 3
(RWTH Aachen University)
+ 10 AuthorsGiulia Rossetti19
Estimated H-index: 19
(Forschungszentrum Jülich)
Sources
Abstract
Intracellular ADP-ribosyltransferases catalyze mono- and poly-ADP-ribosylation and affect a broad range of biological processes. The mono-ADP-ribosyltransferase PARP10 is involved in signaling and DNA repair. Previous studies identified OUL35 as a selective, cell permeable inhibitor of PARP10. We have further explored the chemical space of OUL35 by synthesizing and investigating structurally related analogs. Key synthetic steps were metal-catalyzed cross-couplings and functional group modifications. We identified 4-(4-cyanophenoxy)benzamide and 3-(4-carbamoylphenoxy)benzamide as PARP10 inhibitors with distinct selectivities. Both compounds were cell permeable and interfered with PARP10 toxicity. Moreover, both revealed some inhibition of PARP2 but not PARP1, unlike clinically used PARP inhibitors, which typically inhibit both enzymes. Using crystallography and molecular modeling the binding of the compounds to different ADP-ribosyltransferases was explored regarding selectivity. Together, these studies define additional compounds that interfere with PARP10 function and thus expand our repertoire of inhibitors to further optimize selectivity and potency.
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