Sex differences in mapping and rhythm outcomes of a repeat atrial fibrillation ablation
Published on May 24, 2021in Europace4.045
· DOI :10.1093/EUROPACE/EUAB116.209
Objective The risk of procedure-related complications and rhythm outcomes differ between men and women after atrial fibrillation catheter ablation (AFCA). We evaluated whether consistent sex differences existed in mapping and rhythm outcomes in repeat ablation procedures. Methods Among 3282 patients in the registry, we analysed 443 consecutive patients (24.6% female, 58.5±10.3 years old, 61.5% with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation) who underwent a second AFCA. We compared the clinical factors, mapping, left atrial (LA) pressure, complications and long-term clinical recurrences after propensity score matching. Results LA volume index (43.1±18.6 vs 35.8±11.6 mL/m2, p Conclusions During repeat AFCA procedures, PV reconnections were lower in women than in men, and the existence of extra-PV triggers and an LA pressure elevation were more significant, which resulted in poor rhythm outcomes. Trial registration number NCT02138695.